The necessary and sufficient conditions of therapeutic personality change.

  title={The necessary and sufficient conditions of therapeutic personality change.},
  author={Carl Ransom Rogers},
  journal={Journal of consulting psychology},
  volume={21 2},
  • C. Rogers
  • Published 1 April 1957
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of consulting psychology
For many years I have been engaged in psy-chotherapy with individuals in distress. In recentyears I have found myself increasingly concernedwith the process of abstracting from that experi-ence the general principles which appear to beinvolved in it. I have endeavored to discover anyorderliness, any unity which seems to inhere inthe subtle, complex tissue of interpersonal rela-tionship in which I have so constantly been im-mersed in therapeutic work. One of the currentproducts of this concern… 
The Psychotherapist's Skills Revisited
Like many psychotherapy researchers, I have been fascinated by the role of “specific” and “nonspecific” (or common) factors from the beginning of my career. For a long time K was erroneously believed
Some Neglected Dimensions in Psychotherapy
The purpose of this paper is to discuss some theoretical dimensions which are often overlooked in conceptualizations of psychotherapy. As used here the term "theoretical dimensions" refers to basic
Empirical Research on Factors in Psychotherapeutic Change
One of the prime reasons that psychotherapists have come to have a strong interest in psychotherapy integration is that the competition among schools of therapy has, on the whole, generated more heat
An Integrated Approach to Pastoral Therapy
The relation of the cognitive, affective, and behavioral faculties in human functioning has been viewed as a debatable issue, especially in regard to which one of these three is determinant of the
Therapeutic Components Shared by All Psychotherapies
Observers are beginning to detect increasing signs that representatives of different schools are willing to acknowledge the potential value of a range of techniques and to show increasing flexibility in applying them.
Reason and emotion In psychotherapy: Thirty years on
SummaryIn summary, then, in 1962 RET displayed important features still current. These include the interrelatedness of cognitive, emotive and behavioural processes, the important role that cognition
Psicoterapia Experiencial Orientada al Focusing: una visión general: Una Visión General
Experiential psychotherapy and focusing were developed by Eugene Gendlin in the United States, while he was part of Carl Rogers research team. The experiential psychotherapy is a person-centered
Some recent contributions to a noneclectic approach
Of recent, there is a growing trend towards an eclecticism that leads to the use of interventions based upon an amalgam of techniques and naive assumptions about the curative power of relationships.
INTRODUCTION I have previously written about fanily-centered therapy (Gaylin, 1989, 1990, 1993), an approach which views interpersonal dynamics as central to the psychology of the individual and,
Transtheoretical Ingredients in Therapeutic Change
As part of my interest in understanding more about how people change and the specific psychotherapeutic processes involved in such change, I have become increasingly involved in building bridges.


Success and failure in client-centered therapy as a function of personality variables
  • Unpublished master’s thesis, Univer. of Chicago,
  • 1955
An investigation of therapeutic relationship in client-centered therapy
  • Unpublished doctor’s dissertation, Univer. of Chicago,
  • 1954
Eds.) Psychotherapy and personality change
  • 1954
Self-perception, perceptual defense, and adjustment.
  • B. Chodorkoff
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of abnormal psychology
  • 1954
The need for positive regard: a contribution to client-centered theory
  • Unpublished doctor’s dissertation, Univer. of Chicago,
  • 1954
Quantitative studies on the role of therapists' feelings toward their patients.
A comparison of therapeutic relationships in psychoanalytic, nondirective and Adlerian therapy.
  • F. Fiedler
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of consulting psychology
  • 1950