The nature and function of self-esteem: Sociometer theory

  title={The nature and function of self-esteem: Sociometer theory},
  author={Mark R. Leary and Roy F. Baumeister},
  journal={Advances in Experimental Social Psychology},

Social acceptance and self-esteem: tuning the sociometer to interpersonal value.

Self-esteem was generally more attuned to appearances than to communal qualities, but interdependent social roles predicted heightened attunement of self-esteem to qualities like kindness and understanding.

Self-concept and self-esteem: How the content of the self-concept reveals sources and functions of self-esteem

The relations of content of self-concept to self-esteem may reflect the role of different factors in developing self-esteem. On the basis of theories describing sources of self-esteem, we

Sociometer theory and the pursuit of relational value: Getting to the root of self-esteem

Despite the amount of attention that researchers have devoted to the topic of self-esteem, many central questions remain unanswered. Sociometer theory addresses many such questions by suggesting that

Attractiveness and self-esteem: A test of sociometer theory

Sociometer theory (Leary & Baumeister, 2000) proposes that self-esteem is an evolutionary adaptation which functions to monitor the quality and quantity of people’s interpersonal relationships

High Self-Esteem: Multiple Forms and Their Outcomes

Self-esteem has been empirically investigated extensively and has become deeply ingrained in the social and popular conscience. Varied definitions of self-esteem across disciplines and perspectives

Commentary on Self-Esteem as an Interpersonal Monitor: The Sociometer Hypothesis (1995)

I was first drawn into the controversies surrounding self-esteem within 2 weeks of starting graduate school when my advisor, Barry Schlenker, asked me to work on a follow-up to a study that he and

Self-Perceived Attractiveness, Romantic Desirability and Self-Esteem: A Mating Sociometer Perspective

  • C. BaleJ. Archer
  • Psychology
    Evolutionary psychology : an international journal of evolutionary approaches to psychology and behavior
  • 2013
Sociometer theory proposes that self-esteem is an adaptation which evolved to monitor and regulate interpersonal relationships. It is therefore sensitive to self-assessments in domains relevant to

An Implicit Theory of Self-Esteem: The Consequences of Perceived Self-Esteem for Romantic Desirability

  • Virgil Zeigler‐HillE. Myers
  • Psychology
    Evolutionary psychology : an international journal of evolutionary approaches to psychology and behavior
  • 2011
Across 6 studies, targets with ostensibly higher levels of self-esteem were generally rated as more attractive and as more desirable relationship partners than those with lower levels ofSelf-esteem.



Self-Presentational Motivations and Personality Differences in Self-Esteem

ABSTRACT  This article discusses the interpersonal motivations associated with different levels of self-esteem. Although self-esteem literally refers to an intrapsychic attitude, we propose that

Efficacy, Agency, and Self-Esteem

A perusal of the self-esteem literature will reveal an abundance of research that focuses on the differences between low and high self-esteem individuals with respect to their perceptions of and

Self-esteem and clarity of the self-concept.

  • J. D. Campbell
  • Psychology
    Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1990
Four studies tested the hypothesis that the self-concepts of low-self-esteem people are characterized by less clarity or certainty than those of high- Self-esteem (HSE) people, and the implications for understanding the pervasive impact of self-esteem on behavior are discussed.

Self- and interpersonal evaluations: esteem theories versus consistency theories.

  • S. Jones
  • Psychology
    Psychological bulletin
  • 1973
It is observed that cognitive consistency theories may be somewhat overworked as explanatory frameworks for the study of social evaluations and that people typically talk more during social evaluations.

From self-conceptions to self-worth: on the sources and structure of global self-esteem.

Three factors were identified that uniquely contribute to people's global self-esteem: (a) people's tendencies to experience positive and negative affective states, (b) people's specific self-views

The Dynamics of Self-Esteem and Delinquency

Sociologists have posited a relationship between self-esteem and delinquent behavior, though there is some disagreement about its direction and form. This review of recent panel analyses assessing

Self-esteem : the puzzle of low self-regard

Foundations: Who Am I? J.D. Campbell, L.F. Lavallee. Low Self-Esteem S.J. Spencer, et al. The Social Motivations of People with Low Self-Esteem D.M. Tice. Self-Esteem and Self-Serving Biases in

Self-Perceptions of Black Americans: Self-Esteem and Personal Efficacy

This study examines the determinants of personal self-esteem, racial self-esteem, and personal efficacy in a 1980 national sample of black Americans. The findings show that the three dimensions are