The myth of wild dogs in Australia: are there any out there?

  title={The myth of wild dogs in Australia: are there any out there?},
  author={Kylie M. Cairns and Mathew S. Crowther and Brad Nesbitt and Mike Letnic},
  journal={Australian Mammalogy},
Hybridisation between wild and domestic canids is a global conservation and management issue. In Australia, dingoes are a distinct lineage of wild-living canid with a controversial domestication status. They are mainland Australia’s apex terrestrial predator. There is ongoing concern that the identity of dingoes has been threatened from breeding with domestic dogs, and that feral dogs have established populations in rural Australia. We collate the results of microsatellite DNA testing from 5039… Expand


Death by sex in an Australian icon: a continent‐wide survey reveals extensive hybridization between dingoes and domestic dogs
Overall, wildpure dingoes remain the dominant predator over most of Australia, but the speed and extent to which hybridization has occurred in the approximately 220 years since the first introduction of domestic dogs indicate that the process may soon threaten the persistence of pure dingoes. Expand
Geographic hot spots of dingo genetic ancestry in southeastern Australia despite hybridisation with domestic dogs
A key finding of this study is the observation of several regions where dingoes were largely free of admixture from dogs, and several geographic hotspots of high dingo genetic ancestry within north-eastern New South Wales where there was a higher than expected prevalence of dingoes with no domestic dog ancestry. Expand
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DNA and morphometric data from 92 dogs tested the hypotheses that these dogs persisted independently of humans for up to a century and a half since descending from a handful of dogs introduced in the early 1800s, and genetic diversity patterns among the three island subpopulations were consistent with stepping‐stone founder effects. Expand
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It is argued that a new approach is necessary for defining mammalian species in the face of introgression with their domestic forms and environmental change, including persecution, which has left the contemporary wild form of both species difficult to distinguish from many of their domesticated forms. Expand
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Microsatellite variation in the Australian dingo.
Molecular techniques based on diagnostic DNA differences between dogs and dingoes would make a much more reliable and practical test for detection of animals with domestic dog in their ancestry several generations back. Expand
Dietary niche overlap of free-roaming dingoes and domestic dogs: the role of human-provided food
It is concluded that anthropogenic changes in resource availability could prevent dingoes from fulfilling their trophic regulatory or pre-European roles and effective management of human-provided food is required urgently to minimize the potential for subsidized populations of dingoes and domestic dogs to negatively affect co-occurring prey. Expand
Genomic regions under selection in the feralization of the dingoes
The results indicate that the feralization of the dingo induced positive selection on genomic regions correlated to neurodevelopment, metabolism and reproduction, in adaptation to a wild environment. Expand
Hybridization between Wolves and Dogs
It is suggested that hybridization may not be an important conservation concern even in small, endangered wolf populations near human settlements, because the behavioral and physiological differences between domestic dogs and gray wolves may be sufficiently great such that mating is unlikely and hybrid offspring rarely reproduce in the wild. Expand