The myth of the mad March hare

@article{Holley1984TheMO,
  title={The myth of the mad March hare},
  author={Anthony J. F. Holley and Paul J. Greenwood},
  journal={Nature},
  year={1984},
  volume={309},
  pages={549-550}
}
From literature1, proverb2 and scientific publications3–6, two aspects of the behaviour of the brown hare, Lepus capensis, are well known. First, they ‘go mad’ in March. Second, boxing is their most spectacular form of male–male competition for mates. Here we show that ‘madness’ is no more a feature of March than of the other months of their long breeding season, and that boxing does not represent intrasexual competition but an interaction between the sexes whereby a female attempts to prevent… 
Studies on the biology of the brown hare (Lepus europaeus) with particular reference to behaviour
Behaviour of the brown hare (Lepus europaeus) was studied on the Somerset levels, U.K., between 1977 and 1987. The hare is exclusively nocturnal when nights are longest and part-diurnal when they are
Do Brown Hares Signal to Foxes
Of a total of 32 sedentary brown hares (Lepus europaeus) approached across open ground by foxes (Vulpes vulpes), 31 reacted when the fox was 50 m or less from them by adopting a bipedal stance
The daüy activity period of the brown hare (Lepus europaeus)
The times of 241 entries into and 573 exits by brown hares from their forms on a 65 ha area of the Somerset LeveLs, South West England, were recorded over a ten year period to reveal the Variation
Notes on New Zealand mammals 10. Effect of observer position on group size and level of aggression of mating brown hares
TLDR
The sex of the hares was determined by extended observations of behaviour and individual moult patterns in both studies, and the dispute may now be resolved.
Behaviour, population changes and dispersal of mountain hares (Lepus timidus) in Scotland
TLDR
Mountain hares in north-east Scotland spent the day in forms in long heather and moved downhill in the evening to feed in hill pastures, and if disturbed during grazing crouched or went into cover, while adults fled.
The Health and Future of the Six Hare Species in Europe: A Closer Look at the Iberian Hare
TLDR
The sanitary data regarding the Iberian hare populations from Portugal, which were severely affected by the emergence of a naturally occurring recombinant myxoma virus (MYXV), first reported in mid-2018, are presented.
SPACING AND HABITAT PREFERENCE OF MOUNTAIN HARES IN SHETLAND
TLDR
The large extent of heather in Shetland compared with many parts of mainland Scotland probably accounts for the relative abundance of hares, and is likely to be more important than the absence of predators upon adult hares.
A Female-Emitted Pheromone Component Is Associated with Reduced Male Courtship in the Parasitoid Wasp Spalangia endius
TLDR
It is found that females actively release methyl 6-methylsalicylate when courted and that significantly greater concentrations are released by previously mated females, and high concentrations of this component are associated with both the prevention and termination of courtship.
European hare (Lepus europaeus) invasion ecology: implication for the conservation of the endemic Irish hare (Lepus timidus hibernicus)
  • N. Reid
  • Environmental Science
    Biological Invasions
  • 2010
TLDR
It is concluded that the European hare is an emerging and significant threat to the conservation status of the native Irish hare.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-5 OF 5 REFERENCES
Reproduction and "march madness" in the brown hare, lepus europaeus.
The reproductive physiology of hares was studied in 760 animals shot throughout the year, and these observations were related to seasonal changes of behaviour in an attempt to explain the
The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex
Part II. Sexual Selection (continued): 12. Secondary sexual characters of fishes, amphibians and reptiles 13. Secondary sexual characters of birds 14. Birds (continued) 15. Birds (continued) 16.
Embryo counts and length of the breeding season in European hares in Scotland from 1960-1972.
TLDR
Ciezarne samice zająca szaraka znajdowano padle przez 7 do 12 miesiecy kazdego roku w stosunku do wszystkich zbadanych samic wynosi 11% w styczniu a w kwietniu i maju az 90% w listopadzie.
Dictionary of Phrase and Fable: A
TLDR
This guide to online dictionaries, encyclopedias, and other resources for students and teachers is intended to assist in the preparation and use of dictionaries and other reference materials.