The mystery of plague in medieval Iceland

  title={The mystery of plague in medieval Iceland},
  author={Chris Callow and Charles M. Evans},
  journal={Journal of Medieval History},
  pages={254 - 284}
ABSTRACT This article is aimed at encouraging scholars to continue to take critical, interdisciplinary approaches to understanding the cause and scale of historic plague outbreaks. It does this by reinvestigating two recorded outbreaks of plague in Iceland in 1402–4 and 1494–5. It is argued that these were episodes of pneumonic plague, caused by Yersinia pestis, and that the likely mortality was no more than 25% of the population in both cases. This contrasts with the higher rates (50–60% and… Expand
Farming practices in pre-modern Iceland
This thesis re-evaluates farming practices in Iceland up to c.l600. Advancing Þorvaldur Thoroddsen's early twentieth century work, Lýsing Islands, this study incorporates modem archaeologicalExpand
Palaeoecological research in the Department of Geography and Environment, University of Aberdeen
ABSTRACT Palaeoecological research in the Department of Geography and Environment at the University of Aberdeen can be traced back to pollen-analytical (palynological) and geomorphologicalExpand
It has been common to view the Icelandic economy either from the perspective of the individual farm in terms of its productivity or at the national scale in terms of trade and the role ofExpand
Pollen, Plague & Protestants: The Medieval Monastery of Þingeyrar (Þingeyraklaustur) in Northern Iceland
Until recently, Icelandic monasticism has been considered remote from European monasticism and that it had little impact upon medieval Icelandic society. Focussing upon a monastic site in northern ...
The development of education and Grammatica in Medieval Iceland
This study explores how education and the medieval intellectual and pedagogical discipline of \(grammatical\) developed in Iceland during the medieval period, defined roughly from the officialExpand
On the Receiving End: The Role of Scholarship, Memory, and Genre in Constructing Ljósvetninga saga
This thesis reveals how scholarly preconceptions guided the reception of a specific saga, Ljosvetninga saga, and contributes to a wider understanding of how saga, Old Norse, medieval, and generalExpand
Salgınların Resim Sanatına Yansıması ve Nedim Günsür’ün “Kızamık” İsimli Eseri Üzerine
Salginlar tarih boyunca milyonlarin olumu ile sonuclanan, toplumlarda derin iz birakan trajedilerdendir. Insanlik tarihinde pek cok salgin hastalikla mucadele edilmistir. Tarihin farkli donemlerindeExpand


What caused the Black Death?
Evidence is presented that the Black Death was a viral haemorrhagic fever, characterised by a long incubation period of 32 days, which allowed it to be spread widely even with the limited transport of the Middle Ages. Expand
A Plague of Plagues: The Problem of Plague Diagnosis in Medieval England
Recent works by historians and biologists have called into doubt whether the great epidemic of 1348/49 in England was the plague. Examination of the biological evidence, however, shows theirExpand
During the second half of the seventh century the English kingdoms, along with much of the rest of the British Isles, were affected by severe outbreaks of epidemic disease. They were described byExpand
Rats cannot have been intermediate hosts for Yersinia pestis during medieval plague epidemics in Northern Europe
The commonly accepted understanding of modern human plague epidemics has been that plague is a disease of rodents that is transmitted to humans from black rats, with rat fleas as vectors. HistoriansExpand
Plague Epidemic in the Kingdom of Naples, 1656–1658
To investigate the cause of the deaths, a PCR suicide method and searched for Yersinia pestis was adopted and amplified the pla gene for Y. pestis by using Sybr green PCR in real time with a modification of a previous protocol coupled with conventional PCR according to Drancourt et al. Expand
The Second Pneumonic Plague Epidemic in Manchuria, 1920-21: I. A General Survey of the Outbreak and Its Course.
  • W. Teh.
  • Medicine
  • The Journal of hygiene
  • 1923
Transbaikalia or Zabaikalia is a vast stretch of land lying to the north-west of Manchuria that is composed of undulating hillocks inhabited by a species of large marmots or tarabagans whose skin is much sought after for the manufacture of imitation sable. Expand
Plague in the Orient with Special Reference to the Manchurian Outbreaks.
  • W. Teh.
  • Medicine
  • The Journal of hygiene
  • 1922
1. Pneumonic Plague epidemics arise as a secondary manifestation of Bubonic Plague. 2. The prevalence of purely septicaemic cases towards the end of the epidemic is significant as a probableExpand
Plague and landscape resilience in premodern Iceland
A study of landscape change that uses 15 precisely dated tephra layers spanning the whole 1,200-y period of human settlement in Iceland to show short-term declines in geomorphological activity after two major plagues in A.D. 15th century, and landscapes exhibit resilience over decade to century timescales. Expand
The black death: A problem of population-wide infection.
  • G. Twigg
  • Geography, Medicine
  • Local population studies
  • 2003
Morris was critical of Shrewsbury, especially his refusal to give greater weight to the part played by pneumonic plague, preferring typhus instead, but neither author gave adequate attention to the factors that limit the diffusion of that form of plague. Expand
Plague immunodetection in remains of religious exhumed from burial sites in central France
Abstract The skeletons of four Benedictine nuns and two priests were exhumed from two burial sites in central France. The corpses were dated to the 16th– 18th centuries (archaeological dating). ThickExpand