The mutagenic constituents of Rubia tinctorum.

@article{Kawasaki1992TheMC,
  title={The mutagenic constituents of Rubia tinctorum.},
  author={Yoko Kawasaki and Yukihiro Goda and Kunitoshi Yoshihira},
  journal={Chemical \& pharmaceutical bulletin},
  year={1992},
  volume={40 6},
  pages={
          1504-9
        }
}
Twenty compounds were isolated from the roots of Rubia tinctorum which are used as a commercial source of madder color. Among these compounds, mollugin (1), 1-hydroxy-2-methylanthraquinone (2), 2-ethoxymethylanthraquinone(11), rubiadin (13), 1,3-dihydroxyanthraqunone (14), 7-hydroxy-2-methylanthraquinone (16), lucidin (17), 1-methoxymethylanthraquinone (18) and lucidin-3-O-primeveroside (19) showed mutagenicity with Salmonella typhimurium TA 100 and/or TA 98. Since the mutagenic compounds… 
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