The musculoskeletal system of male genitalia in Curetis bulis Westwood, 1851 (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae: Curetinae) and Paralaxita damajanti (C. Felder et R. Felder, 1860) (Lepidoptera, Riodinidae: Nemeobiinae)

  title={The musculoskeletal system of male genitalia in Curetis bulis Westwood, 1851 (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae: Curetinae) and Paralaxita damajanti (C. Felder et R. Felder, 1860) (Lepidoptera, Riodinidae: Nemeobiinae)},
  author={A. A. Stekolnikov and Andrei I. Korzeev},
  journal={Entomological Review},
The muscles of the male genitalia were studied for the first time in two species endemic to the Oriental zoogeographical region, namely Curetis bulis from the subfamily Curetinae (Lycaenidae) and Paralaxita damajanti from the tribe Abisarini (Riodinidae). Both taxa possess a common plan of musculature reflected in the positions of muscles m1, m2(10), m5(7), m7(6), m21, and m28. Two new autapomorphies of Curetis bulis were discovered: the splitting of m4 into two muscles and a shift of the… 
Male Genitalia Muscles in the Afrotropical Subfamily Lipteninae (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae)
The muscles of the male genitalia were studied for the first time in representatives of 3 tribes of the Afrotropical endemic subfamily Lipteninae (Lycaenidae): Larinopoda tera (Hewitson, 1873)
Male Genitalia Muscles of the Blues’ Tribe Miletini (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae: Miletinae)
Abstract The skeleto-muscular characters of the male genitalia in three species of the tribe Miletini have been compared in order to establish its phylogenetic position and to clarify the
Morphology of the Male Genitalia in the Oriental Species of the Family Lycaenidae (Lepidoptera). Tribes Lycaenesthini and Polyommatini
Some characters of the male genitalia of Lycaenesthini possess plesiomorphic features and correspond to the ancestral ground plan of the entire lineage of Polyommatinae, which are consistent with the molecular data on the phylogeny of this subfamily.


Evolution of the skeleton and musculature of the male genitalia in the family lycaenidae (Lepidoptera): II. Infratribe Polyommatina Swainson, 1827
Functional organization of male genitalia in the section Polyommatus was shown to be relatively constant and significant interspecific variation of the skeleton and muscles was found only in the structure of valvae.
The male genitalia segments in fritillary butterflies: Comparative morphology with special reference to the "rectal plate" in Issoria (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae)
The male genitalia of the fritillary butterfly Issoria lathonia (L.) were examined and reconstructed based on sagittal and horizontal sections. Nine intrinsic muscles were identified consistent with
Comparative morphology of the butterfly foreleg coxa and trochanter (Lepidoptera) and its systematic implications
It is shown that the male forelegs of Curetis Lycaenidae: Curetinae and Riodinidae are qualitatively different, a result that does not support the hypothesis that these two taxa are sister groups.
Congruence between comparative morphology and molecular phylogenies: Evolution of the male genital skeletal/muscular system in the subtribe Polyommatina (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae)
The skeleton and musculature of male genitalia were studied in species of a model butterfly group (subtribe Polyommatina, Lycaenidae) and cladistic interpretation of states of morphological traits was found to be consistent with phylogenetic reconstructions based on analysis of multiple molecular markers.
Molecular Systematic Analysis of Butterfly Family and Some Subfamily Relationships (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea)
Molecular data were unable to resolve placements of all controversial groups, and in contrast to morphological phylogenies that place riodinids within lycaenids, riod inids were in a clade with pierids and nymphalids.
The higher classification of butterflies (Lepidoptera): problems and prospects
The cladistic analysis supports a number of currently held views about butterfly classification, and suggests sister group relationships between Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea, and Pieridae and (Lycaenidae + Nymphalidae).
Remarks on the family-level phylogeny of butterflies (Insecta, Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera)
Available evidence on butterfly family-level relationships is re-examined according to the principles of phylogenetic (cladistic) systematics to suggest a sister-group relationship between the Hesperioidea and Papilionoidea.
Taxonomic notes on the subfamily Curetinae (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) from Himalayas in India
During the course of present studies the male genitalia of the two species viz., bulis and acuta have been examined and key to species has been constructed by adding characters of genitalic organs besides other morphological characters.
The skeleton and musculature of male and female terminalia in Oenosandra boisduvalii Newman, 1856 and the phylogenetic position of the family Oenosandridae (Insecta: Lepidoptera)
Resumen en: The skeleton and musculature of the male and female terminalia have been studied in Oenosandra boisduvalii Newman, 1856, type species of the family Oeno...