The multicellular morphotypes of Salmonella typhimurium and Escherichia coli produce cellulose as the second component of the extracellular matrix.

@article{Zogaj2001TheMM,
  title={The multicellular morphotypes of Salmonella typhimurium and Escherichia coli produce cellulose as the second component of the extracellular matrix.},
  author={X Zogaj and Manfred Nimtz and Manfred Rohde and Werner Bokranz and Ute R{\"o}mling},
  journal={Molecular microbiology},
  year={2001},
  volume={39 6},
  pages={1452-63}
}
Production of cellulose has been thought to be restricted to a few bacterial species such as the model organism Acetobacter xylinus. We show by enzymatic analysis and mass spectrometry that, besides thin aggregative fimbriae, the second component of the extracellular matrix of the multicellular morphotype (rdar) of Salmonella typhimurium and Escherichia coli is cellulose. The bcsA, bcsB, bcsZ and bcsC genes responsible for cellulose biosynthesis are not regulated by AgfD, the positive… CONTINUE READING
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