The mousebirds (Aves: Coliiformes) from the Middle Eocene of Grube Messel (Hessen, Germany)

  title={The mousebirds (Aves: Coliiformes) from the Middle Eocene of Grube Messel (Hessen, Germany)},
  author={Gerald Mayr and Dieter Stefan Peters},
  journal={Senckenbergiana lethaea},
The monophyly of the Coliiformes (Sandcoleidae + Coliidae) is well corroborated with the recognition of ten osteological synapomorphies. So far, four species of coliiform birds are known from the Middle Eocene of Grube Messel (Hessen, Germany). Members of both the Sandcoleidae and of the Coliidae have been identified.Eoglaucidium pallasFischer 1987, originally assigned to the Strigiformes (owls), is referred to the Sandcoleidae and for the first time complete skeletons of this species are… Expand
New or previously unrecorded avian taxa from the Middle Eocene of Messel (Hessen, Germany)
An exceptionally well preserved skeleton of a sandcoleid bird gives new information on the osteology and feathering of sandcoelid birds, and an isolated foot of a gruiform bird is assigned to ldiornis cf. Expand
A mousebird (Aves: Coliiformes) from the Eocene of England
The first fossil mousebird known from the Eocene of England is described and is assigned to the order Coliiformes (mousebirds) on the basis of a character of the proximal ulna (large cotyla dorsalis), which further support this conclusion. Expand
New data on the anatomy and palaeobiology of sandcoleid mousebirds (Aves, Coliiformes) from the early Eocene of Messel
  • G. Mayr
  • Biology
  • Palaeobiodiversity and Palaeoenvironments
  • 2018
It is hypothesised that differences in the tail morphology of sandcoleids and coliids may have been due to changes in the habitual perching posture, which occurred early in the evolutionary history of the Coliidae. Expand
A new eocene Chascacocolius-like mousebird (Aves: Coliiformes) with a remarkable gaping adaptation
A skull of a new species of mousebird (Aves: Coliiformes) is described from the Middle Eocene of Messel in Germany, and the cranium and upper beak of Chascacocolius are seen for the first time in the new specimen; the latter shows a striking resemblance to some modern New World Blackbirds (Passeriformes: Icteridae). Expand
A nearly complete tarsometatarsus of a mousebird from the middle Eocene to upper Oligocene fissure fillings of the Quercy in France is described, providing further evidence that Selmes is a stem lineage representative of the Coliidae and not a sandcoleid bird as assumed in the original description. Expand
A new family of Eocene zygodactyl birds
The Pseudasturidae, a new family of small Lower to Middle Eocene zygodactyl birds is described in the Middle Eolithic of Grube Messel, near Darmstadt (Hessen, Germany), and the presence of large processus supraorbitales, which closely resemble the corresponding structures found in falconiform birds is characteristic. Expand
Caprimulgiform birds from the Middle Eocene of Messel (Hessen, Germany)
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The Primobucconidae is yet another taxon that exemplifies the great similarity between the early Eocene avifaunas of North America and Europe and constitutes the first record of stem group rollers in the New World. Expand
A new basal galliform bird from the Middle Eocene of Messel (Hessen, Germany)
The cup-like cotyla scapularis ofParaortygoides messelensis shows that the Gallinuloididae branched off very early in the evolution of the Galliformes. Expand
Affinities of Palaeospiza bella and the Phylogeny and Biogeography of Mousebirds (Coliiformes)
It is shown that P. bella is a member of the Coliiformes (mousebirds) and represents the latest North American occurrence of a clade with an exclusively African extant distribution and Phylogenetic results imply that a minimum of three mousebird dispersals from Europe to North America occurred during the Early Cenozoic. Expand


Early Pliocene Coliidae (Aves, Coliiformes) from Langebaanweg, South Africa
The mousebird remains from the early Pliocene Varswater Formation at Langebaanweg, Cape Province, represent at least one new species, Colius hendeyi, that is closely related to C. colius and C. striatus. Expand
A radiation of coly-like birds from the Eocene of North America (Aves: Sandcoleiformes new order)
A new order and family (Sandcolei formes: Sandcoleidae) is erected for the Middle Eocene genera Eobucco Feduccia and Martin 1976, Uintornis Marsh 1872, and Botauroides Shufeldt 1915 of Wyoming and three new genera from the Lower Eocene of Wyoming. Expand
The Hindlimb Musculature of the Mousebirds (Coliiformes)
The hindlimbs of two species of mousebirds were dissected in order to provide myological descriptions, to elucidate the mechanism of digit rotation and other characteristic locomotor habits, and possibly to yield clues to the systematic position of the order Coliiformes. Expand
Notice of some new Tertiary and post-Tertiary birds
THE discoveries of the last few years have shown conclusively that remains of Birds, so long unrepresented among the fossils of this country, are occasionally found well preserved in some of ourExpand
Phylogeny and Classification of the Birds: A Study in Molecular Evolution
Part 1: a brief history structure and properties of DNA gene structure and function genetic regulation DNA reassociation and thermal stability the sequence organization of the genome the families ofExpand
Les Oiseaux miocènes de la Grive-Saint-Alban (Isère)
Resume Resultats de l'etude des oiseaux fossiles du gisement miocene de la Grive-Saint-Alban d'apres les recoltes anciennes et surtout d'apres les fouilles recentes de P. Mein . Un expose desExpand
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