The mortality cost of carbon

  title={The mortality cost of carbon},
  author={R Daniel Bressler},
  journal={Nature Communications},
  • R. Bressler
  • Published 29 July 2021
  • Environmental Science
  • Nature Communications
Many studies project that climate change can cause a significant number of excess deaths. Yet, in integrated assessment models (IAMs) that determine the social cost of carbon (SCC) and prescribe optimal climate policy, human mortality impacts are limited and not updated to the latest scientific understanding. This study extends the DICE-2016 IAM to explicitly include temperature-related mortality impacts by estimating a climate-mortality damage function. We introduce a metric, the mortality… 

Estimates of country level temperature-related mortality damage functions

This work estimates country-level mortality damage functions for temperature-related mortality with global spatial coverage using projections from the most comprehensive published study in the epidemiology literature of future temperature impacts on mortality, and finds significant spatial heterogeneity in projected mortality impacts.

Comprehensive evidence implies a higher social cost of CO2

The social cost of carbon dioxide (SC-CO2) measures the monetized value of the damages to society caused by an incremental metric tonne of CO2 emissions and is a key metric informing climate policy.

The Social Cost of Carbon: Advances in Long-Term Probabilistic Projections of Population, GDP, Emissions, and Discount Rates

The social cost of carbon (SCC) is a crucial metric for informing climate policy, most notably for guiding climate regulations issued by the US government. Characterization of uncertainty and

The global temperature-related mortality impact of earlier decarbonization for the Australian health sector and economy: A modelling study

Background Sustained elevated concentration of GHGs is predicted to increase global mortality. With the Australian health sector responsible for 7% of the nation’s GHG emissions, the benefits and

Decarbonisation scenarios of the U.S. electricity system and their costs

Decarbonising electricity is crucial for climate change mitigation, while understanding its economic implications has been a challenge. Previous analyses primarily rely on levelised cost or

Environmental Health: Translating Policy Into Action

C limate instability, extreme weather, and natural disasters have surged over the past 50 years, resulting in substantial and increasing harms to human health. Almost daily, evidence of the rapidly

Impact of Environmental Quality on Health Outcomes in Saudi Arabia: Does Research and Development Matter?

Recent literature on the health impacts of CO2 emissions suggests a variety of factors that may establish a more robust link. However, no previous study has explored the role of research and

The deadly effect of day-to-day temperature variation in the United States

Recent research has found anthropogenic forcing to also affect day-to-day variability of temperatures. For many people, the climate is not only becoming hotter but also more volatile. Based on the

Carbon Neutrality Policies and Technologies: A Scientometric Analysis of Social Science Disciplines

Carbon neutrality, or “net zero”, has become the impact assessment project of human impact on Earth, increasingly structured to examine the implications, for the environment and people, of proposed



Valuing the Global Mortality Consequences of Climate Change Accounting for Adaptation Costs and Benefits

This paper develops the first globally comprehensive and empirically grounded estimates of mortality risk due to future temperature increases caused by climate change. Using 40 countries' subnational

Estimates of the Social Cost of Carbon: Concepts and Results from the DICE-2013R Model and Alternative Approaches

  • W. Nordhaus
  • Economics
    Journal of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists
  • 2014
The social cost of carbon (SCC) is an important concept for understanding and implementing climate change policies. This term represents the economic cost caused by an additional ton of carbon

Revisiting the social cost of carbon

  • W. Nordhaus
  • Economics
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
  • 2017
Significance The most important single economic concept in the economics of climate change is the social cost of carbon (SCC). At present, regulations with more than $1 trillion of benefits have been

Variability in Temperature-Related Mortality Projections under Climate Change

The choice of the RR estimate for the association between temperature and mortality may be important to reduce uncertainty in mortality projections.

Heat-related mortality risk model for climate change impact projection

The new model is considered to be better fit, and more precise and robust compared with the previous model, and used the “counterfactual method” to evaluate the climate change impact.

Quantifying Economic Damages from Climate Change

  • M. Auffhammer
  • Economics, Environmental Science
    Journal of Economic Perspectives
  • 2018
Climate scientists have spent billions of dollars and eons of supercomputer time studying how increased concentrations of greenhouse gases and changes in the reflectivity of the earth’s surface


Premature mortality from changes in air pollution attributable to climate change, under the high greenhouse gas scenario RCP8.5, is estimated to be positive in all regions except Africa, and is greatest in India and East Asia.

Quantifying the economic risks of climate change

This Review assesses climate change damage functions, which relate climate variables to economic losses, and how integrated information from impacts, adaptation and vulnerability research could be