The mortality cost of carbon

  title={The mortality cost of carbon},
  author={R Daniel Bressler},
  journal={Nature Communications},
  • R. Bressler
  • Published 29 July 2021
  • Environmental Science
  • Nature Communications
Many studies project that climate change can cause a significant number of excess deaths. Yet, in integrated assessment models (IAMs) that determine the social cost of carbon (SCC) and prescribe optimal climate policy, human mortality impacts are limited and not updated to the latest scientific understanding. This study extends the DICE-2016 IAM to explicitly include temperature-related mortality impacts by estimating a climate-mortality damage function. We introduce a metric, the mortality… 

Estimates of country level temperature-related mortality damage functions

This work estimates country-level mortality damage functions for temperature-related mortality with global spatial coverage using projections from the most comprehensive published study in the epidemiology literature of future temperature impacts on mortality, and finds significant spatial heterogeneity in projected mortality impacts.

Comprehensive evidence implies a higher social cost of CO2

The social cost of carbon dioxide (SC-CO2) measures the monetized value of the damages to society caused by an incremental metric tonne of CO2 emissions and is a key metric informing climate policy.

The Social Cost of Carbon: Advances in Long-Term Probabilistic Projections of Population, GDP, Emissions, and Discount Rates

The social cost of carbon (SCC) is a crucial metric for informing climate policy, most notably for guiding climate regulations issued by the US government. Characterization of uncertainty and

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Decarbonising electricity is crucial for climate change mitigation, while understanding its economic implications has been a challenge. Previous analyses primarily rely on levelised cost or

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Recent literature on the health impacts of CO2 emissions suggests a variety of factors that may establish a more robust link. However, no previous study has explored the role of research and

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Estimates of the Social Cost of Carbon: Concepts and Results from the DICE-2013R Model and Alternative Approaches

  • W. Nordhaus
  • Economics
    Journal of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists
  • 2014
The social cost of carbon (SCC) is an important concept for understanding and implementing climate change policies. This term represents the economic cost caused by an additional ton of carbon

Revisiting the social cost of carbon

  • W. Nordhaus
  • Economics
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
  • 2017
Significance The most important single economic concept in the economics of climate change is the social cost of carbon (SCC). At present, regulations with more than $1 trillion of benefits have been

Cold- and heat-related mortality: a cautionary note on current damage functions with net benefits from climate change

Several economic assessments of climate change build on the assumption that reductions of cold-related mortality will overcompensate increases in heat-related mortality at least for moderate levels

Heat-related mortality risk model for climate change impact projection

The new model is considered to be better fit, and more precise and robust compared with the previous model, and used the “counterfactual method” to evaluate the climate change impact.

Quantifying Economic Damages from Climate Change

  • M. Auffhammer
  • Economics, Environmental Science
    Journal of Economic Perspectives
  • 2018
Climate scientists have spent billions of dollars and eons of supercomputer time studying how increased concentrations of greenhouse gases and changes in the reflectivity of the earth’s surface


Premature mortality from changes in air pollution attributable to climate change, under the high greenhouse gas scenario RCP8.5, is estimated to be positive in all regions except Africa, and is greatest in India and East Asia.

Quantifying the economic risks of climate change

This Review assesses climate change damage functions, which relate climate variables to economic losses, and how integrated information from impacts, adaptation and vulnerability research could be