The morphology of diaphragmatic defects in hepatic hydrothorax: thoracoscopic finding.

@article{Huang2005TheMO,
  title={The morphology of diaphragmatic defects in hepatic hydrothorax: thoracoscopic finding.},
  author={P. Huang and Yih-Leong Chang and Ching-Yao Yang and Yung‐Chie Lee},
  journal={The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery},
  year={2005},
  volume={130 1},
  pages={
          141-5
        }
}
BACKGROUND Until now, the pathophysiology of hepatic hydrothorax has been moot. We discuss (on the basis of gross videothoracoscopy findings in 11 cases and the literature) the pathogenesis and clinical presentation of this complex condition. METHODS We prospectively studied 11 patients (age, 31-73 years; 6 men and 5 women) with refractory hepatic hydrothorax (Child-Pugh class B-C) who underwent thoracoscopic repair of diaphragmatic defects. The diaphragmatic defects were examined… Expand
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