The moment arms of 23 muscle segments of the upper limb with varying elbow and forearm positions : Implications for motor control

@inproceedings{Ettema1998TheMA,
  title={The moment arms of 23 muscle segments of the upper limb with varying elbow and forearm positions : Implications for motor control},
  author={Gertjan J. C. Ettema and Geoffrey S. W. Styles and Vaughan Kippers},
  year={1998}
}
In this study we examined moment arms of the complete muscle system of the elbow, including the wrist ̄exors that have their proximal attachment point on the humerus. This study was performed with the aim to identify the synergistic mover functions of the muscles as an anatomical basis for the study of motor control of the elbow. The upper limbs of three cadaver specimens were dissected. Muscles were replaced by elastic strings. The relationship between muscle length and joint angles (elbow… CONTINUE READING

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