The modular SSN ontology: A joint W3C and OGC standard specifying the semantics of sensors, observations, sampling, and actuation

@article{Haller2019TheMS,
  title={The modular SSN ontology: A joint W3C and OGC standard specifying the semantics of sensors, observations, sampling, and actuation},
  author={Armin Haller and Krzysztof Janowicz and Simon J. D. Cox and Maxime Lefrançois and Kerry L. Taylor and Danh Le-Phuoc and Joshua Lieberman and Ra{\'u}l Garc{\'i}a-Castro and Robert Atkinson and Claus Stadler},
  journal={Semantic Web},
  year={2019},
  volume={10},
  pages={9-32}
}
The joint W3C (World Wide Web Consortium) and OGC (Open Geospatial Consortium) Spatial Data on the Web (SDW) Working Group developed a set of ontologies to describe sensors, actuators, samplers as well as their observations, actuation, and sampling activities. The ontologies have been published both as a W3C recommendation and as an OGC implementation standard. The set includes a lightweight core module called SOSA (Sensor, Observation, Sampler, and Actuator) available at: http://www.w3.org/ns… 

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