The mode of action of venom from the endoparasitic wasp Pimpla hypochondriaca (hymenoptera: ichneumonidae) involves Ca+2-dependent cell death pathways.

@article{Rivers2009TheMO,
  title={The mode of action of venom from the endoparasitic wasp Pimpla hypochondriaca (hymenoptera: ichneumonidae) involves Ca+2-dependent cell death pathways.},
  author={David B. Rivers and M Paulina Dani and Elaine H Richards},
  journal={Archives of insect biochemistry and physiology},
  year={2009},
  volume={71 3},
  pages={173-90}
}
The endoparasitoid Pimpla hypochondriaca injects venom during oviposition to condition its lepidopteran hosts. Venom is a complex mixture of proteins and polypeptides, many of which have been identified as enzymes, including phenoloxidase, endopeptidase, aminopeptidase, hydrolase, and angiotensin-converting enzyme. Constituents of the venom have been shown to possess cytolytic and paralytic activity, but the modes of action of factor(s) responsible for exerting such effects have not been… CONTINUE READING

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