The misbehavior of organisms.

  title={The misbehavior of organisms.},
  author={Keller Breland and Marian Breland},
  journal={American Psychologist},
THERE seems to be a continuing realization by psychologists that perhaps the white rat cannot reveal everything there is to know about behavior. Among the voices raised on this topic, Beach (1950) has emphasized the necessity of widening the range of species subjected to experimental techniques and conditions. However, psychologists as a whole do not seem to be heeding these admonitions, as Whalen (1961) has pointed out. Perhaps this reluctance is due in part to some dark precognition of what… 

Natural and unnatural justice in animal care

It is not necessary to concur with Singer's position of drawing no line whatever between the moral status of humans and other species in order to welcome Dawkins's carefully considered suggestions

On Why There Are So Few Comparisons in Comparative Psychology

  • B. Mackenzie
  • Psychology, Biology
    International Journal of Comparative Psychology
  • 1989
The increasingly wide repudiation of the General Process View of Learning is providing the basis for a renewal ofcomparative studies of behavior.

A Comparative-Ecological Approach to the Study of Learning

The purpose of this chapter is to discuss the effects of a parameter which is present in every learning experiment, but about which the authors know relatively little about the species being tested, which has been studied relatively infrequently by animal learning psychologists.

Behavior analysis and biological factors.

Conceptual difficulties appear not to have discouraged interest in biological factors or biological constraints on learning, as evidenced by the two recent volumes on the subject that are the topic of this review.

The Biology of Learning

The original approach to the study of instinctive behavior, which amounted to little more than an exercise in taxonomy of instincts, has been replaced by analytic developmental studies which seek to reveal how a species' genotype and particular experiences interact to produce various instances of species-specific behavior.

Operant conditioning and natural selection

  • A. Colman
  • Psychology
    Behavioral and Brain Sciences
  • 1984
dates ofthese books were 1972-19H:3; I set a criterion of at least five years after publication of "Phylogeny" for a text to be included. While two-thirds (14) cited at least onc of his writings ,

B. F. Skinner and the flaws of sociobiology

The mere fact that behavior is adaptive does not indicate whether phylogenic or ontogenic processes have been responsible for it, and a more specific analysis is needed if to deal effectively with the two kinds of contingencies and their products.

Behavior theory: A contradiction in terms?

  • R. Luce
  • Psychology
    Behavioral and Brain Sciences
  • 1984
Skinner's major thesis in "Methods" is that theory is not needed in the study of behavior, where "theory" refers to "any explanation of an observed fact which appeals to events taking place somewhere

Can the Experimental Analysis of Behavior Rescue Psychology?

characterization of the properties of certain physical mechanisms." (His com-ment that they are "almost entirely unknown" will be challenged by many physiologists,) In that issue of Psychology Today

The misbehaviour of a metacognitive monkey.

This study bolsters previous findings that rhesus monkey behaviour in metacognition tasks is in some respects disassociated from mere food delivery/consumption, or even the avoidance of punishment, and weaken arguments that responses in such tests are solely associated with associative mechanisms.



Superstition in the pigeon.

  • B. Skinner
  • Psychology
    Journal of experimental psychology
  • 1948
This week’s citation classicmarch 23, 1981 is a reexamination of its the 'superstition' experiment: a reversible figure causality and contingency: some conceptual considerations superstitious behavior classroom game teaching.

A field of applied animal psychology.

Applied animal psychology brings together the two formerly unrelated fields of professional animal training and modern behavioral science and represents, it is believed, the first application of systematic behavior theory to the control of animal behavior.

The Study of Instinct

Ethology: the objective study of behaviour Behaviour as a reaction to external stimuli The internal factors responsible for the 'spontaneity' of behaviour Further considerations of the external

The Snark was a Boojum.

Comparative psychology.

  • D. Meyer
  • Psychology
    Annual review of psychology
  • 1955