The misbehavior of organisms.

  title={The misbehavior of organisms.},
  author={Keller Breland and Marian Breland},
  journal={American Psychologist},
THERE seems to be a continuing realization by psychologists that perhaps the white rat cannot reveal everything there is to know about behavior. Among the voices raised on this topic, Beach (1950) has emphasized the necessity of widening the range of species subjected to experimental techniques and conditions. However, psychologists as a whole do not seem to be heeding these admonitions, as Whalen (1961) has pointed out. Perhaps this reluctance is due in part to some dark precognition of what… 
The comparative study of behavior requires close attention to the ecologi- cally unique details ofthe environmental challenges and adaptations (both behavioral and structural) of a systematically
Natural and unnatural justice in animal care
It is not necessary to concur with Singer's position of drawing no line whatever between the moral status of humans and other species in order to welcome Dawkins's carefully considered suggestions
Behavior analysis and biological factors.
Conceptual difficulties appear not to have discouraged interest in biological factors or biological constraints on learning, as evidenced by the two recent volumes on the subject that are the topic of this review.
The Biology of Learning
The subject matter of learning theory and ethology derives from the comparative psychology of the late nineteenth century. Since that time, both disciplines have been transformed decisively. The
Operant conditioning and natural selection
dates ofthese books were 1972-19H:3; I set a criterion of at least five years after publication of "Phylogeny" for a text to be included. While two-thirds (14) cited at least onc of his writings ,
Collateral Responses with Simple Schedules
In the original formulation of an experimental analysis of behavior, Skinner (1938) laid out the principal problem to be the establishment of laws for individual responses (reflexes). Skinner
Behavior theory: A contradiction in terms?
Skinner's major thesis in "Methods" is that theory is not needed in the study of behavior, where "theory" refers to "any explanation of an observed fact which appeals to events taking place somewhere
The misbehaviour of a metacognitive monkey.
This study bolsters previous findings that rhesus monkey behaviour in metacognition tasks is in some respects disassociated from mere food delivery/consumption, or even the avoidance of punishment, and weaken arguments that responses in such tests are solely associated with associative mechanisms.
The evolution of behaviorism.
New data on conditioning processes favor an eclecticism between the traditional nativist and environmentalist extremes in the analysis of be- havior. It is suggested that the theory of behavior based
The problem of raccoon intelligence in behaviourist America
  • M. Pettit
  • Sociology
    The British Journal for the History of Science
  • 2009
Abstract Even during its heyday, American behaviourist psychology was repeatedly criticized for the lack of diversity in its experimental subjects, with its almost exclusive focus on rats and


A field of applied animal psychology.
Applied animal psychology brings together the two formerly unrelated fields of professional animal training and modern behavioral science and represents, it is believed, the first application of systematic behavior theory to the control of animal behavior.
Superstition in the pigeon.
  • B. Skinner
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of experimental psychology
  • 1948
This week’s citation classicmarch 23, 1981 is a reexamination of its the 'superstition' experiment: a reversible figure causality and contingency: some conceptual considerations superstitious behavior classroom game teaching.
The Study of Instinct
Ethology: the objective study of behaviour Behaviour as a reaction to external stimuli The internal factors responsible for the 'spontaneity' of behaviour Further considerations of the external
The Snark was a Boojum.
The American revolution.
Comparative psychology.
  • D. Meyer
  • Medicine
    Annual review of psychology
  • 1955