The mirror system and its role in social cognition

  title={The mirror system and its role in social cognition},
  author={Giacomo Rizzolatti and Maddalena Fabbri-Destro},
  journal={Current Opinion in Neurobiology},

Figures from this paper

The mirror mechanism and mu rhythm in social development

Mirror neuron system

The involvement of mirror neuron system (MNS) is implicated in neurocognitive functions (social cognition, language, empathy, theory of mind) and neuropsychiatric disorders and brain imaging studies reveal that action observation in humans activates the inferior frontal gyrus (IFG), lower part of the precentral gyrus, the rostral part ofThe IPL and also the temporal, occipital and parietal visual areas.

Mirroring in the Human Brain: Deciphering the Spatial-Temporal Patterns of the Human Mirror Neuron System

Electrocorticography is used to define activation patterns in sensorimotor, parietal and/or frontal neuronal populations, during a viewing and grasping task and provides novel evidence for 2 different populations of neurons: sites that were only active for viewing and grasped ("pure mirroring") and sites that could serve a more general attentional role.

Somatosensation in social perception

This Review focuses the limelight of social neuroscience on a different set of brain regions: the somatosensory cortices, which have anatomical connections that enable them to have a role in visual and auditory social perception.

The role of familiarity and similarity in action understanding and imitation: investigating mirror neurons in Saudi children with ASD

Mirror Neuron Theory’ is a brain process model which is based on a direct-matching model, that encodes the motor features, mental states, and the goal of observed actions onto the observer’s own

Lesion evidence for a human mirror neuron system

Action mirroring and action understanding: an ideomotor and attentional account

  • M. Paulus
  • Psychology, Biology
    Psychological research
  • 2012
This article suggests a conceptual framework that deals with the hypothesis that activation in the motor system is directly related to the ascription of an intention to another person and how this activation modulates attention and leads to a facilitated processing of potentially relevant information in the environment.

Mirror neurons

  • J. Marshall
  • Biology, Psychology
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
  • 2014
Findings on macaques show that a “surprising new class” of neurons in a particular region of the premotor cortex of the macaque brain provide the basis for what became known as “action understanding” in macaques, allowing them to interpret the intentions or goals of the person or monkey whose actions they are observing.



Premotor cortex and the recognition of motor actions.

The mirror neuron system and the consequences of its dysfunction

The neurophysiology of the mirror neuron system and its role in social cognition is reviewed and the clinical implications of mirror neuron dysfunction are discussed.

Impairment of actions chains in autism and its possible role in intention understanding

It is proposed that high-functioning autistic children may understand the intentions of others cognitively but lack the mechanism for understanding them experientially, because of a functional impairment in typically developing children, whereas it is impaired in children with autism.

The mirror-neuron system.

A neurophysiological mechanism appears to play a fundamental role in both action understanding and imitation, and those properties specific to the human mirror-neuron system that might explain the human capacity to learn by imitation are stressed.

Action recognition in the premotor cortex.

It is proposed that mirror neurons form a system for matching observation and execution of motor actions, similar to that of mirror neurons exists in humans and could be involved in recognition of actions as well as phonetic gestures.

Mirror neurons and mirror systems in monkeys and humans.

Mirror neurons are a distinct class of neurons that transform specific sensory information into a motor format. Mirror neurons have been originally discovered in the premotor and parietal cortex of

The mirror neuron system: grasping others' actions from birth?

Evidence suggesting the presence of an MNS in the human child, as well as work that suggests the existence of a mechanism matching the perception and the execution of actions in thehuman newborn are reviewed.

Action outcomes are represented in human inferior frontoparietal cortex.

Evidence of suppressed responses in right inferior parietal and right inferior frontal cortex is reported when participants saw repeated movies showing the same action outcome, but these regions did not distinguish the kinematic parameters by which the action was accomplished.