The mirror neuron system and the consequences of its dysfunction

@article{Iacoboni2006TheMN,
  title={The mirror neuron system and the consequences of its dysfunction},
  author={Marco Iacoboni and Mirella Dapretto},
  journal={Nature Reviews Neuroscience},
  year={2006},
  volume={7},
  pages={942-951}
}
The discovery of premotor and parietal cells known as mirror neurons in the macaque brain that fire not only when the animal is in action, but also when it observes others carrying out the same actions provides a plausible neurophysiological mechanism for a variety of important social behaviours, from imitation to empathy. Recent data also show that dysfunction of the mirror neuron system in humans might be a core deficit in autism, a socially isolating condition. Here, we review the… 
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Mirror neurons (MNs) are a set of premotor neurons that fire both during the performance of a motor action, and the observation of someone else performing the same action. Since their discovery, they
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The involvement of mirror neuron system (MNS) is implicated in neurocognitive functions (social cognition, language, empathy, theory of mind) and neuropsychiatric disorders and brain imaging studies reveal that action observation in humans activates the inferior frontal gyrus (IFG), lower part of the precentral gyrus, the rostral part ofThe IPL and also the temporal, occipital and parietal visual areas.
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Papers using a wide range of methods, including single cell recordings, fMRI, TMS, EEG and psychophysics, collected in this special issue, start to give some impressive answers to the main topics of Social Neuroscience.
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Effects of sensorimotor learning on the human mirror neuron system
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It is concluded that sensorimotor learning can reconfigure the human mirror neuron system, and that it is, therefore, a mechanism through which the mirror neurons system can acquire its ability to match observed with performed actions.
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