The minor third communicates sadness in speech, mirroring its use in music.

@article{Curtis2010TheMT,
  title={The minor third communicates sadness in speech, mirroring its use in music.},
  author={M. Curtis and J. Bharucha},
  journal={Emotion},
  year={2010},
  volume={10 3},
  pages={
          335-48
        }
}
There is a long history of attempts to explain why music is perceived as expressing emotion. The relationship between pitches serves as an important cue for conveying emotion in music. The musical interval referred to as the minor third is generally thought to convey sadness. We reveal that the minor third also occurs in the pitch contour of speech conveying sadness. Bisyllabic speech samples conveying four emotions were recorded by 9 actresses. Acoustic analyses revealed that the relationship… Expand

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