The middle 1950s and C. Walton Lillehei.

@article{Kirklin1989TheM1,
  title={The middle 1950s and C. Walton Lillehei.},
  author={J. Kirklin},
  journal={The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery},
  year={1989},
  volume={98 5 Pt 2},
  pages={
          822-4
        }
}
  • J. Kirklin
  • Published 1989
  • Medicine
  • The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery
Cardiac Surgery
The History of Cardiac Surgery
TLDR
From the beginning of cardiac surgery in 1896 until around 1950, only closed surgical procedures could be performed by introducing fingers or instruments blindly into the heart cavities, but in the early 1950s, the clinical use of hypothermia and of the extracorporeal circulation was introduced and opened up the desire of every heart surgeon to perform his work under direct vision. Expand
Evolution of membrane oxygenator technology for utilization during pediatric cardiopulmonary bypass
TLDR
A summary of the published medical and scientific literature related to development of the pediatric membrane oxygenator from its conceptual evolutionary stages to artificially supporting whole body perfusion in the modern pediatric cardiac surgical setting is reported. Expand
Mechanical Circulatory Support Devices in Pediatric Patients
TLDR
Future devices are currently in development for clinical use on a broad scale and will greatly facilitate the successful support of children with heart failure as a bridge to myocardial recovery or heart transplantation. Expand
History of heart valve repair
TLDR
A move towards minimally invasive and robotic techniques occurred soon thereafter, along with the first percutaneous balloon valvuloplasty performed successfully in humans by Inoue and Kan in 1982 and the first purely robotic valve surgery was performed by Carpentier in 1998. Expand
The blossom of “the rose of surgery” — The birth of heart-lung machine
TLDR
The development of the heart-lung machine made repair of intracardiac lesions possible and serves as an important example to surgeons who are struggling today with the surgical therapies and technologies of tomorrow. Expand
Geschichte der Herzchirurgie in Deutschland
Der Beginn der Herzchirurgie wird ublicherweise auf den 09.09.1896 datiert. An diesem Tag entschloss sich namlich Ludwig Rehn (1849–1930) in Frankfurt/Main zu einer linksseitigen Thorakotomie beiExpand
Evolution of cardiopulmonary bypass.
TLDR
In the immediate postwar years, Congress began 3 decades of generous funding for medical research and education through the National Institutes of Health and the Public Health Service. Expand
C Walton Lillehei (1918–99): the versatile pioneer of open-heart surgery
Walton Lillehei can be truly regarded as the ‘Father of Open-Heart Surgery’. His career demonstrates the virtues of tenacity and the ability to overcome adversity and opposition in the taking forwardExpand
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