The microbial PhIP metabolite 7-hydroxy-5-methyl-3-phenyl-6,7,8,9-tetrahydropyrido[3',2':4,5]imidazo[1,2-a]pyrimidin-5-ium chloride (PhIP-M1) induces DNA damage, apoptosis and cell cycle arrest towards Caco-2 cells.

@article{Vanhaecke2008TheMP,
  title={The microbial PhIP metabolite 7-hydroxy-5-methyl-3-phenyl-6,7,8,9-tetrahydropyrido[3',2':4,5]imidazo[1,2-a]pyrimidin-5-ium chloride (PhIP-M1) induces DNA damage, apoptosis and cell cycle arrest towards Caco-2 cells.},
  author={Lynn Vanhaecke and Lara D M Derycke and Frank Le Curieux and Sofie Lust and Daniel Marzin and Willy Verstraete and Marc E. Bracke},
  journal={Toxicology letters},
  year={2008},
  volume={178 1},
  pages={61-9}
}
7-Hydroxy-5-methyl-3-phenyl-6,7,8,9-tetrahydropyrido[3',2':4,5]imidazo[1,2-a]pyrimidin-5-ium chloride (PhIP-M1) is a newly identified intestinal microbial metabolite from the food carcinogen 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP). Although the mutagenic potential of the endogenous N-hydroxy PhIP derivate has been reported, the risks associated with PhIP-M1 have not yet been explored. In this work, the cytotoxic and genotoxic effects originating from PhIP-M1 were assessed in the… CONTINUE READING