The mental health continuum: from languishing to flourishing in life.

@article{Keyes2002TheMH,
  title={The mental health continuum: from languishing to flourishing in life.},
  author={Corey Lee M. Keyes},
  journal={Journal of health and social behavior},
  year={2002},
  volume={43 2},
  pages={
          207-22
        }
}
  • C. Keyes
  • Published 2002
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of health and social behavior
This paper introduces and applies an operationalization of mental health as a syndrome of symptoms of positive feelings and positive functioning in life. Dimensions and scales of subjective well-being are reviewed and conceived of as mental health symptoms. A diagnosis of the presence of mental health, described as flourishing, and the absence of mental health, characterized as languishing, is applied to data from the 1995 Midlife in the United States study of adults between the ages of 25 and… Expand

Paper Mentions

Interventional Clinical Trial
Aromatase inhibitors are a powerful medication for reducing the risk of recurrence and increasing survival in postmenopausal breast cancer patients. However, these medications can… Expand
ConditionsBreast Cancer
InterventionBehavioral
Flourishing in Life: An Empirical Test of the Dual Continua Model of Mental Health and Mental Illness among Canadian University Students
In the conventional paradigm, mental health and illness exist on a single continuum where the emphasis is on the presence or absence of pathological outcomes. By contrast, a new theoretical frameworkExpand
Mental health in adolescence: is America's youth flourishing?
  • C. Keyes
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • The American journal of orthopsychiatry
  • 2006
TLDR
Data from the second wave of the Child Development Supplement (CDS-II) of the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID), in which a comprehensive set of subjective well-being items were administered, suggest the importance of positive mental health in future research on adolescent development. Expand
Flourishing, languishing and moderate mental health: Prevalence and change in mental health during recovery from drug and alcohol problems
Abstract The aim was to explore the utility of Keyes’ concept of mental health in a substance addiction context. Mental health is considered the presence of emotional wellbeing in conjunction withExpand
Mental Illness and Mental Health: The Two Continua Model Across the Lifespan
TLDR
It was found that older adults, except for the oldest-old, scored lower on psychopathological symptoms and were less likely to be mentally ill than younger adults, and the validity of the two continua model in adult development was supported. Expand
Mental illness and/or mental health? Investigating axioms of the complete state model of health.
  • C. Keyes
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of consulting and clinical psychology
  • 2005
TLDR
Confirmatory factor analyses supported the hypothesis that measures of mental health (i.e., emotional, psychological, and social well-being) and mental illness constitute separate correlated unipolar dimensions. Expand
The longitudinal relationship between flourishing mental health and incident mood, anxiety and substance use disorders
TLDR
This study underscores the rationale of promoting mental well-being as a public mental health strategy to prevent mental illness in wealthy European nations by examining whether flourishing mental health predicts first-incidence and recurrent mental disorders 3 years later. Expand
Positive mental health and mental illness.
TLDR
Age, marital status, socio-economic status, spirituality and physical health were associated with complete mental health, and men and women were equally likely to be in completemental health. Expand
Change in level of positive mental health as a predictor of future risk of mental illness.
TLDR
Gains in mental health predicted declines in mental illness, supporting the call for public mental health promotion; losses ofmental health predicted increases in mental Illness, supportingThe call forPublic mental health protection. Expand
Levels of Mental Health Continuum and Personality Traits
Empirically, mental health and mental illness are not opposite ends of a single measurement continuum. In view of this fact, Keyes (J Health Soc Behav, 43:207–202, 2002) operationalizes mental healthExpand
A developmental-contextual approach to understanding mental health and well-being in early adulthood.
TLDR
This study aims to examine the sequence of Keyes's mental health categories based on psychological status and well-being, and to identify qualitative differences in these categories by developmental-contextual factors and concurrent physical health status and social functioning. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 41 REFERENCES
Mental Health: A Report of the Surgen General
TLDR
It is made evident that the neuroscience of mental health-a term that encompasses studies extending from molecular events to psychological, behavioral, and societal phenomena-has emerged as one of the most exciting arenas of scientific activity and human inquiry. Expand
The structure of psychological well-being: a sociohistorical analysis.
This study used confirmatory factor analysis to explore dimensions of self-evaluations with data collected from two nationwide representative-sample, crosssectional surveys of U.S. adults—oneExpand
Dimensions of mental health: Life satisfaction, positive affect, anxiety and depression
Psychological well-being and psychological distress are often regarded as distinct, if not orthogonal dimensions of mental health. Based on analyses in this paper, we consider the distinctionExpand
The structure of psychological well-being revisited
A theoretical model of psychological well-being that encompasses 6 distinct dimensions of wellness (Autonomy, Environmental Mastery, Personal Growth, Positive Relations with Others, Purpose in Life,Expand
Lifetime and 12-month prevalence of DSM-III-R psychiatric disorders in the United States. Results from the National Comorbidity Survey.
TLDR
The prevalence of psychiatric disorders is greater than previously thought to be the case, and morbidity is more highly concentrated than previously recognized in roughly one sixth of the population who have a history of three or more comorbid disorders. Expand
Impairment in pure and comorbid generalized anxiety disorder and major depression at 12 months in two national surveys.
TLDR
It is shown that a substantial amount of generalized anxiety disorder occurs independently of major depression and that the role impairment of generalizedxiety disorder is comparable to that ofmajor depression. Expand
Happiness is everything, or is it? Explorations on the meaning of psychological well-being.
Reigning measures of psychological well-being have little theoretical grounding, despite an extensive literature on the contours of positive functioning. Aspects of well-being derived from thisExpand
Depression, disability days, and days lost from work in a prospective epidemiologic survey.
TLDR
The threshold for identifying clinically significant depression may need to be reevaluated to include persons with fewer symptoms but measurable morbidity, only by changing the nosology can the societal impact of depression be adequately addressed. Expand
Clinical Course of Affective Disorders
TLDR
The interest in studies on the course of affective disorders has greatly increased as a spin-off of the introduction of long-term medication and prophylaxis as well as from the therapeutic point of view. Expand
Psychological well-being in midlife.
Publisher Summary This chapter discusses psychological well-being in midlife. Psychological well-being during midlife has not been an explicit target of prior scientific inquiry. The formulationsExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...