The mental and physical health outcomes of green exercise

  title={The mental and physical health outcomes of green exercise},
  author={Jules Pretty and Jo Peacock and Martin Howard Sellens and Murray Griffin},
  journal={International Journal of Environmental Health Research},
  pages={319 - 337}
Both physical activity and exposure to nature are known separately to have positive effects on physical and mental health. [...] Key Method Five groups of 20 subjects were exposed to a sequence of 30 scenes projected on a wall whilst exercising on a treadmill. Four categories of scenes were tested: rural pleasant, rural unpleasant, urban pleasant and urban unpleasant. The control was running without exposure to images.Expand
Green exercise in the UK countryside: Effects on health and psychological well-being, and implications for policy and planning
Abstract There is evidence that contact with the natural environment and green space promotes good health. It is also well known that participation in regular physical activity generates physical andExpand
The effect of nature and physical activity on emotions and attention while engaging in green exercise
Green exercise offers the synergistic benefits of both contact with nature and physical activity for humans. This study explored the relationship between nature, physical activity, and well-being,Expand
Optimizing mental health benefits of exercise: The influence of the exercise environment on acute stress levels and wellbeing
Abstract Previous studies indicated that exercising in natural settings could have more positive mental health effects than other types of exercise. This article further investigates the role ofExpand
Health Benefits of Walking in Nature: A Randomized Controlled Study Under Conditions of Real-Life Stress
We investigated the effects of recreational exposure to the natural environment on mood and psychophysiological responses to stress. We hypothesized that walking in nature has restorative effectsExpand
Enhancing the acute psychological benefits of green exercise: An investigation of expectancy effects
Objective: Exercising in the presence of a natural environment (termed green exercise) appears to provide additional benefits compared to indoor exercise. We assessed the impact of a green exerciseExpand
Effects of Three Levels of Green Exercise, Physical and Social Environments, Personality Traits, Physical Activity, and Engagement with Nature on Emotions and Attention
The current study examined the effects of the three levels of green exercise on people’s psychological health using a randomized trial with a pretest and posttest design and further explored whichExpand
The health benefits of walking in greenspaces of high natural and heritage value
Lifestyles are increasingly characterised by sedentary behaviour, obesity problems, stress, mental ill-health and disconnection from nature. However, contact with nature has been shown to improveExpand
Exercise-, nature- and socially interactive-based initiatives improve mood and self-esteem in the clinical population
Combining exercise, nature and social components in future initiatives may play a key role in managing and supporting recovery from mental ill health, suggesting a potential ‘green’ approach to mental healthcare and promotion. Expand
Can Simulated Green Exercise Improve Recovery From Acute Mental Stress?
This study suggests that environmental exercise settings including nature sounds, visual or both combined should be considered as important in the use of exercise as a therapeutic activity or recovery from acute psychological stress. Expand
Physical and Emotional Benefits of Different Exercise Environments Designed for Treadmill Running
Self-selected entertainment encouraged greater physical performances whereas running in nature-based exercise environments elicited greater happiness immediately after running. Expand


Physical exercise and psychological well being: a critical review.
The paper outlines the research evidence, focusing on the relation between physical exercise and depression, anxiety, stress responsivity, mood state, self esteem, premenstrual syndrome, and body image. Expand
How nature contributes to mental and physical health
Irrespective of where we come from in the world, it seems that the presence of living things makes us feel good. There are three levels of engagement with nature. The first is viewing nature, asExpand
A considerable body of folklore and scientific research alludes to the efficacy of the vernacular environment to influence both aesthetic experience and general well-being. To examine explicitlyExpand
A countryside for health and wellbeing: the physical and mental health benefits of green exercise.
How does nature make us feel? Much, of course, depends on what else is important in our lives. Is it a good or a bad day? Irrespective of where we come from, it seems that the presence of livingExpand
Some Behavioral Effects of the Physical Environment
It was hypothesized that the physical environment elicits an emotional response, which then influences subsequent behaviors. Settings presented by photographic slides were first rated on theirExpand
Alone or with a friend : A social context for psychological restoration and environmental preferences
We tested propositions about the influences of social context and need for psychological restoration on preferences for natural and urban environments. We framed preference in terms of (1) beliefsExpand
We explored a method for measuring what people know about the restorative potential of natural and other settings. A scenario manipulation was used to establish an attentional-fatigue cognitive set.Expand
Windows in the Workplace
A view of natural elements was found to buffer the negative impact of job stress on intention to quit and to have a similar, albeit marginal, effect on general well-being. Expand
Physical Activity And Health: A Report Of The Surgeon General
This report is the first report of the Surgeon General on physical activity and health, and strong evidence is shown to indicate that regular physical activity will provide clear and substantial health gains. Expand
Walking to Work and the Risk for Hypertension in Men: The Osaka Health Survey
This prospectively examined the relation of mild physical activity, especially walking to work, and leisure-time physical activity to the risk for hypertension during 6 to 16 years of observation in middle-aged working Japanese men. Expand