[The medicolegal relevance of benign and malignant coronary artery anomalies].

Abstract

Isolated coronary anomalies are rare abnormalities that can be divided into benign and malignant forms. Malignant coronary artery abnormalities generally present already during infancy or early childhood by causing symptoms or sudden death. Benign abnormalities often remain asymptomatic because they are hemodynamically irrelevant. Among the 12,985 autopsies performed at the Institute of Legal Medicine at the University of Frankfurt (Germany) between 1995 and 2013, there were eight cases (0.062%) with isolated coronary artery abnormalities. Five of these cases (0.039%) could be included in our retrospective study. These involved one deceased female and four deceased male subjects, aged between 2 and 57 years. In three of these cases (aged 6, 9, and 11 years old), the coronary anomaly was classified as malignant and was recorded as the cause of death. Benign isolated coronary anomalies are often incidental findings during autopsies. However, in one of the cases in our study, coronary sclerosis in precisely the anomalous vessel was found to be the origin of a fatal myocardial infarction. Malignant isolated coronary artery anomalies attain medicolegal significance when they remain undetected despite advanced early detection protocols and cause sudden death in childhood.

Cite this paper

@article{Plenzig2014TheMR, title={[The medicolegal relevance of benign and malignant coronary artery anomalies].}, author={Stefanie Plenzig and Marcel A . Verhoff and Barbara Zedler and Hannelore Held}, journal={Archiv für Kriminologie}, year={2014}, volume={234 1-2}, pages={1-9} }