The mechanical properties of cellular solids

@article{Ashby1983TheMP,
  title={The mechanical properties of cellular solids},
  author={M. F. Ashby and R. F. Mehl Medalist},
  journal={Metallurgical Transactions A},
  year={1983},
  volume={14},
  pages={1755-1769}
}
The mechanical properties (elastic, plastic, creep, and fracture) of cellular solids or foams are related to the properties of the cell wall material and to the cell geometry. The properties are well described by simple formulae. Such materials occur widely in nature and have many potential engineering applications. 
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References

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The mechanical properties (the moduli and collapse strengths) of three dimensional cellular solids or foams are related to the properties of the cell wall, and to the cell geometry. The results ofExpand
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A series of rigid polyurethane foams of densities varying from 65 kg/m−3 to 400 kg/m−3 have been tested in compression as a function of rate and temperature. It has been found that a linear relationExpand
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Abstract Single edge notch fracture tests have been carried out on rigid polyurethane foam in the density range 32 to 360 kg/m3. Fracture properties were characterized in terms of the fractureExpand
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The plastic flow characteristics of cellular materials containing a large proportion of voids are discussed. A very low Poisson's ratio and a tendency toward orderly cellular collapse are identifiedExpand
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