The measurement of psychological androgyny.

  title={The measurement of psychological androgyny.},
  author={Sandra Lipsitz Bem},
  journal={Journal of consulting and clinical psychology},
  volume={42 2},
  • S. Bem
  • Published 1 April 1974
  • Psychology
  • Journal of consulting and clinical psychology
This article describes the development of a new sex-role inventory that treats masculinity and femininity as two independent dimensions, thereby making it possible to characterize a person as masculine, feminine, or "androgynous" as a function of the difference between his or her endorsement of masculine and feminine personality characteristics. Normative data are presented, as well as the results of various psychometric analyses. The major findings of conceptual interest are: (a) the… 

Psychological androgyny and aspects of self-image in women and men

Although psychological androgyny has been theoretically related to greater interpersonal and situational adaptability, the relationship between the two has not been articulated. The present study

Psychological Androgyny and Self-Actualization

The Bem Sex-role Inventory ( 1 ) classifies individuals inco three groups, masculine, androgynous, and feminine. Deviating from the traditional bl-polar masculine-feminine dimension Bern proposes a

Psychological androgyny and social desirability.

  • A. Lee
  • Psychology
    Journal of personality assessment
  • 1982
The concept of psychological androgyny, because of its implications for sex roles, social change, and human development, is presently of special theoretical interest and the data reveal that the BSRI femininity scale has social desirability characteristics which are sex-specific.

Androgyny and other measures of masculinity-femininity.

Bern's measures of Masculinity, Femininity, and the absolute value of her androgyny measure were analyzed and show that sex role traits are organized similarly for males and females.

Androgyny, Consumers’ Biological Sex, and Cultural Differences

This Chapter analyses the data assessed in Chap. 3 in more detail. First, in all 10 countries, the 20 brands were categorized into androgynous, feminine, masculine, and undifferentiated. Katz (The

The relationship of masculinity, femininity, and androgyny to self-esteem

Abstract Advocates of androgyny suggest that the development of masculine and feminine characteristics in the one individual may point the way to healthy personality development. However, traditional


Six areas of research in developmental and personality psychology concerning sex-typed traits, attitudes, and interests are identified as elements of a common “masculinity-femininity” paradigm

Psychological androgyny and ego development

Psychological androgyny has often been described as associated with increased behavioral flexibility, with the availability of skills in both traditionally masculine and feminine areas. Ego

The relationship between androgyny and subjective indicators of emotional well-being.

The objective of this study (N = 176) was to evaluate (a) the construct validity of the revised Short Bern Sex-Role Inventory (BSRI) with respect to measures of psychological well-being; (b) the