The mean IQ of Americans: Massive gains 1932 to 1978.

@article{Flynn1984TheMI,
  title={The mean IQ of Americans: Massive gains 1932 to 1978.},
  author={James Robert Flynn},
  journal={Psychological Bulletin},
  year={1984},
  volume={95},
  pages={29-51}
}
  • J. Flynn
  • Published 1984
  • Psychology
  • Psychological Bulletin
This study shows that every Stanford-Binet and Wechsler standardization sample from 1932 to 1978 established norms of a higher standard than its predecessor. The obvious interpretation of this pattern is that representative samples of Americans did better and better on IQ tests over a period of 46 years, the total gain amounting to a rise in mean IQ of 13.8 points. The implications of this finding are developed: The combination of IQ gains and the decline in Scholastic Aptitude Test scores… 
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Between 1987 and 1990 IQ scores for 333 5-year-old white school children were obtained using the Wechsler Pre-School and Primary Scale of Intelligence (WPPSI) and the results indicate that the rate of increase of IQ scores was comparable and probably higher than that reported in the U.S.A. for the period 1932-78.
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