The matrilineal ancestry of Ashkenazi Jewry: portrait of a recent founder event.

@article{Behar2006TheMA,
  title={The matrilineal ancestry of Ashkenazi Jewry: portrait of a recent founder event.},
  author={Doron M Behar and Ene Metspalu and Toomas Kivisild and Alessandro Achilli and Yarin Hadid and Shay Tzur and Luisa Pereira and Ant{\'o}nio Amorim and Llu{\'i}s Quintana-Murci and Kari Majamaa and Corinna Herrnstadt and Neil Howell and O Balanovsky and Ildus Kutuev and Andrey Pshenichnov and David Gurwitz and Batsheva Bonn{\'e}-Tamir and Antonio Torroni and Richard Villems and Karl Skorecki},
  journal={American journal of human genetics},
  year={2006},
  volume={78 3},
  pages={487-97}
}
Both the extent and location of the maternal ancestral deme from which the Ashkenazi Jewry arose remain obscure. Here, using complete sequences of the maternally inherited mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), we show that close to one-half of Ashkenazi Jews, estimated at 8,000,000 people, can be traced back to only 4 women carrying distinct mtDNAs that are virtually absent in other populations, with the important exception of low frequencies among non-Ashkenazi Jews. We conclude that four founding mtDNAs… CONTINUE READING
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