The mathematics of Benford’s law: a primer

  title={The mathematics of Benford’s law: a primer},
  author={A. Berger and T. Hill},
  journal={Statistical Methods & Applications},
  • A. Berger, T. Hill
  • Published 2019
  • Mathematics
  • Statistical Methods & Applications
  • This article provides a concise overview of the main mathematical theory of Benford’s law in a form accessible to scientists and students who have had first courses in calculus and probability. In particular, one of the main objectives here is to aid researchers who are interested in applying Benford’s law, and need to understand general principles clarifying when to expect the appearance of Benford’s law in real-life data and when not to expect it. A second main target audience is students of… CONTINUE READING
    1 Citations
    A Widespread Error in the Use of Benford's Law to Detect Election and Other Fraud
    • PDF


    Benford's Law: Theory and Applications
    • 47
    A Statistical Derivation of the Significant-Digit Law
    • 551
    • PDF
    Benford's law : applications for forensic accounting, auditing, and fraud detection
    • 142
    On the significands of uniform random variables
    • 2
    • PDF
    Random distribution functions
    • 101
    • PDF
    Benford’s Law: Applications for Forensic Accounting
    • Auditing, and Fraud Detection. John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, NJ
    • 2012
    The law of anomalous numbers
    • Proc. Amer. Philosophical Soc., 78(4):551– 572
    • 1938
    An Introduction to Benford's Law
    • 61
    • PDF
    Benford Online Bibliography
    • 2019