@article{Berger2019TheMO,
title={The mathematics of Benford’s law: a primer},
author={A. Berger and T. Hill},
journal={Statistical Methods & Applications},
year={2019},
pages={1-17}
}

This article provides a concise overview of the main mathematical theory of Benford’s law in a form accessible to scientists and students who have had first courses in calculus and probability. In particular, one of the main objectives here is to aid researchers who are interested in applying Benford’s law, and need to understand general principles clarifying when to expect the appearance of Benford’s law in real-life data and when not to expect it. A second main target audience is students of… CONTINUE READING