# The mass-loss rates of red supergiants and the de Jager prescription

@article{Mauron2011TheMR,
title={The mass-loss rates of red supergiants and the de Jager prescription},
author={Nicolas Mauron and Eric Josselin},
journal={Astronomy and Astrophysics},
year={2011},
volume={526}
}
• Published 26 October 2010
• Physics
• Astronomy and Astrophysics
Mass loss of red supergiants (RSG) is important for the evolution of massive stars, but is not fully explained. Several empirical prescriptions have been proposed, trying to express the mass-loss rate ( u M) as a function of fundamental stellar parameters (mass, luminosity, effective temperature). Our goal is to test whether the de Jager et al. (1988, A&AS, 72, 259) prescription, which is used in some stellar evolution models, is still valid in view of more recent mass-loss determinations. By…
138 Citations

## Figures and Tables from this paper

### The Luminosity Function of Red Supergiants in M31

• Physics
The Astrophysical Journal
• 2020
The mass-loss rates of red supergiant stars (RSGs) are poorly constrained by direct measurements, and yet the subsequent evolution of these stars depends critically on how much mass is lost during

### The Impact of Realistic Red Supergiant Mass Loss on Stellar Evolution

• Physics
The Astrophysical Journal
• 2021
Accurate mass-loss rates are essential for meaningful stellar evolutionary models. For massive single stars with initial masses between 8 and 30M ⊙the implementation of cool supergiant mass loss in

### The evolution of red supergiants to supernova in NGC 2100

• Physics
• 2016
The mass loss rates of red supergiants (RSGs) govern their evolution towards supernova and dictate the appearance of the resulting explosion. To study how mass-loss rates change with evolution we

### HOW THE MASS-LOSS RATES OF RED-SUPERGIANTS DETERMINE THE FATE OF MASSIVE STARS ?

• Physics
• 2013
Abstract. Mass-loss rates are one of the most relevant parameters de-termining the evolution of massive stars. In particular, the rate atwhich the star loses mass during the red-supergiant (RSG)

### A new mass-loss rate prescription for red supergiants

• Physics
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
• 2020
Evolutionary models have shown the substantial effect that strong mass-loss rates ($\dot{M}$s) can have on the fate of massive stars. Red supergiant (RSG) mass-loss is poorly understood

### The evolution of Red Supergiant mass-loss rates

• Physics
• 2017
The fate of massive stars with initial masses >8M$_\odot$ depends largely on the mass-loss rate (\mdot ) in the end stages of their lives. Red supergiants (RSGs) are the direct progenitors to Type

### Exploring the Mass-loss Histories of the Red Supergiants

• Physics
The Astronomical Journal
• 2020
We report mid- to far-infrared imaging and photometry from 7 to 37 μm with SOFIA/FORCAST and 2 μm adaptive optics imaging with LBTI/LMIRCam of a large sample of red supergiants (RSGs) in four

### Impact of mass-loss on the evolution and pre-supernova properties of red supergiants

• Physics
• 2015
The post main-sequence evolution of massive stars is very sensitive to many parameters of the stellar models. Key parameters are the mixing processes, the metallicity, the mass-loss rate and the

### ENHANCED MASS LOSS RATES IN RED SUPERGIANTS AND THEIR IMPACT ON THE CIRCUMSTELLAR MEDIUM

• Physics
Revista Mexicana de Astronomía y Astrofísica
• 2019
In this work, we present models of massive stars between 15 and 23 M⊙ , with enhanced mass loss rates during the red supergiant phase. Our aim is to explore the impact of extreme red supergiant

### Yellow supergiants as supernova progenitors: an indication of strong mass loss for red supergiants?

Context. The increasing number of observed supernova events allows for finding the progenitor star even more frequently in archive images. In a few cases, the progenitor star is a yellow supergiant

## References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 61 REFERENCES

### RED SUPERGIANTS IN THE ANDROMEDA GALAXY (M31)

• Physics
• 2009
Red supergiants (RSGs) are a short-lived stage in the evolution of moderately massive stars (10–25 M☉), and as such their location in the H-R diagram provides an exacting test of stellar evolutionary

### A critical test of empirical mass loss formulas applied to individual giants and supergiants

• Physics
• 2007
To test our new, improved Reimers-type mass-loss relation, given by Schroder & Cuntz in 2005 (ApJ, 630, L73), we take a look at the best studied galactic giants and supergiants – particularly those

### An Empirical formula for the mass-loss rates of dust-enshrouded red supergiants and oxygen-rich asymptotic giant branch stars

• Physics
• 2005
We present an empirical determination of the mass-loss rate as a function of stellar luminosity and effective tem- perature, for oxygen-rich dust-enshrouded Asymptotic Giant Branch stars and red

### Mass-losing M supergiants in the solar neighborhood

• Physics, Geology
• 1990
A list of the 21 mass-losing red supergiants (20 M type, one G type; L greater than 100,000 solar luminosities) within 2.5 kpc of the sun is compiled. These supergiants are highly evolved descendants

### The dust condensation sequence in red supergiant stars

• Physics
• 2009
Context. Red supergiant (RSG) stars exhibit significant mass loss by means of a slow, dense wind. They are often considered to be the more massive counterparts of Asymptotic Giant Branch (AGB) stars.

### The Effective Temperature Scale of Galactic Red Supergiants: Cool, but Not as Cool as We Thought

• Physics
• 2005
We use moderate-resolution optical spectrophotometry and the new MARCS stellar atmosphere models to determine the effective temperatures of 74 Galactic red supergiants (RSGs). The stars are mostly

### Mass loss in red giants and supergiants

The circumstellar envelopes surrounding 13 late-type giants and supergiants have been studied using a homogeneous collection of high-resolution photoelectric scans of strong optical resonance lines.

### A Red Supergiant Nebula at 25 μm: Arcsecond-Scale Mass-Loss Asymmetries of μ Cephei

• Physics
• 2008
We present diffraction-limited (0.6″) 24.5 μm Subaru COMICS images of the red supergiant μ Cep. We report the detection of a circumstellar nebula, which was not detected at shorter wavelengths. It

### Chromospheres and Winds of Red Supergiants: An Empirical Look at Outer Atmospheric Structure

Stars between about 4 and 25 solar masses spend a significant fraction of their post-main sequence lifetime as red supergiants (RSGs) and lose material via stellar winds during this period. For RSGs