The many faces of hemifacial spasm: differential diagnosis of unilateral facial spasms.

@article{Yaltho2011TheMF,
  title={The many faces of hemifacial spasm: differential diagnosis of unilateral facial spasms.},
  author={Toby C Yaltho and Joseph Jankovic},
  journal={Movement disorders : official journal of the Movement Disorder Society},
  year={2011},
  volume={26 9},
  pages={
          1582-92
        }
}
Hemifacial spasm is defined as unilateral, involuntary, irregular clonic or tonic movement of muscles innervated by the seventh cranial nerve. Most frequently attributed to vascular loop compression at the root exit zone of the facial nerve, there are many other etiologies of unilateral facial movements that must be considered in the differential diagnosis of hemifacial spasm. The primary purpose of this review is to draw attention to the marked heterogeneity of unilateral facial spasms and to… CONTINUE READING

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