The management of acute bronchitis in children

@article{Fleming2007TheMO,
  title={The management of acute bronchitis in children},
  author={Douglas M. Fleming and Alex J. Elliot},
  journal={Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy},
  year={2007},
  volume={8},
  pages={415 - 426}
}
Acute bronchitis is one of the most common infections reported in children under 5 years of age, and is a leading cause of hospitalisation. In general practice, confusion surrounds the clinical diagnosis of acute bronchitis, especially when distinguishing it from asthma. The microbiological causes are mostly known, but the contribution of each is much less clear, and they are non-specific in their clinical expression in individual cases. Viral pathogens, particularly respiratory syncytial virus… 

Rational pharmacotherapy in children with bronchitis

. Recurrent bronchitis has a high proportion in the structure of bronchopulmonary pathology in children. The occurrence of relapses of bronchitis is facilitated by inadequate pharmacotherapy of acute

How does one choose the appropriate pharmacotherapy for children with lower respiratory tract infections?

Although LRTIs are extremely common and one of the most important causes of hospitalization and death in children, anti-infective therapy for these diseases remains unsatisfactory and there is still a long way to go for the therapy of pediatric LRTI to be considered satisfactory.

CLINICAL FEATURES OF THE COURSE AND ASSESSMENT OF TREATMENT STRATEGY IN CHILDREN WITH BRONCHITIS

Evaluation of inpatient treatment tactics indicated the need to increase the volume of complex therapy in patients with moderate bronchitis relative to children with mild disease, as well as increasing the risk of the need for antibacterial therapy and the appointment of intravenous antibiotics for more than 3 days.

Prevalence and Atopy Association of Mycoplasma Pneumoniae and Chlamydia Pneumoniae Infections in Infants with Recurrent Wheezing

It was found that both infections were substantially more serious in the second year than in the first year of life, and both infection agents also showed a statistically significant increase and found that patients could develop persistent wheezing.

A Prospective Multicentre observational Study to Evolve the usefulness of Group of Homoeopathic Medicines in the Management of Acute Tracheobronchitis

It is inferred from this study that homoeopathy has a positive role in the management of acute tracheobronchitis but the trial may be repeated in better study design settings to make the study acceptable to the scientific community.

Time course of nocturnal cough and wheezing in children with acute bronchitis monitored by lung sound analysis

Long-term recording of nocturnal cough and wheezing allows for objective evaluation of respiratory symptoms in children with acute bronchitis and provides a tool to validate the efficacy of symptomatic Bronchitis therapies.

Respiratory syncytial virus infection inhibits TLR4 signaling via up‐regulation of miR‐26b

RSV infection inhibits TLR4 signaling via up‐regulation of miR‐26b, which provides a potential therapeutic target for preventing and treating RSV infection.

A protocol for systematic review

A systematic review of electroacupuncture and health-related outcomes in allergic rhinitis patients according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines to highlight the gaps in knowledge of the relevance of Electroacupuncture after treatment or after follow-ups.

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 111 REFERENCES

Acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis: an international comparison.

Therapy for patients with less severe AECB include older and less expensive broad-spectrum antibiotics, while newer agents are indicated for Patients with the most severe stage of A ECB.

Pulmonary and systemic bacterial co-infections in severe RSV bronchiolitis

In 127 infants admitted to intensive care for RSV bronchiolitis, concomitant bacterial sepsis was a rare event. However, in the subgroup of intubated patients the incidence of bacterial pneumonia was

Prevention of respiratory syncytial virus infection in infants

Interestingly, the number of laboratory reports for respiratory syncytial virus shows a marked downward trend in England and Wales from 1990 to 2003, and data from primary care show a fall in acute respiratory infections over the same years.

Etiological agents of lower respiratory tract infections in Japanese children.

The importance of M. pneumoniae and RS virus in the etiology of lower respiratory infections in Japanese children was confirmed and mycoplasma infections were seen even in patients less than5 years and RS and influenza A virus infections in patients more than 5 years of age.

Cough in children: definitions and clinical evaluation

Because of the favourable natural history of cough, a “positive” response in medication trials should not be assumed to be due to the medication, and children should be reassessed within the expected timeframe of response to therapy.

Respiratory syncytial virus: an underestimated cause of respiratory infection, with prospects for a vaccine.

Basic research required before vaccine programmes can be developed includes describing the natural history of RSV infection in adults, quantifying the burden of disease attributable to RSV, and defining the best surveillance methods with which to evaluate different vaccination strategies.

Role of Atypical Bacteria and Azithromycin Therapy for Children With Recurrent Respiratory Tract Infections

Atypical bacteria seem to play a role among children with RRTIs, and prolonged azithromycin therapy can significantly improve the acute episodes and reduce the risk of recurrences.

Effects of upper respiratory tract infections in patients with cystic fibrosis.

Picornavirus and non-picornav virus colds are associated with pulmonary function abnormalities and disease progression in patients with cystic fibrosis, and predispose to secondary bacterial infection and colonisation.

Serodiagnosis of acute respiratory infections in children in Georgia

A better understanding of the etiology of ARI in all of the regions of the world may be helpful for timely decision of specific therapy, which can help pediatricians to estimate and manage children with ARI.

Nosocomial respiratory syncytial virus infections: the "Cold War" has not ended.

  • C. Hall
  • Medicine
    Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
  • 2000
Part of any infection control program is the education of personnel about the modes of transmission, the manifestations, and the importance of RSV nosocomial infections.
...