The macrophage as an initiator of atherosclerosis.

1. Heparan sulfate proteoglycan in the basal lamina of smooth muscle cells is important in the maintenance of the 'contractile', high volume fraction of myofilaments (Vvmyo) phenotype. The mechanism by which this occurs may involve the continuous internalization of heparan sulfate by the smooth muscle cells themselves. 2. One macrophage can degrade all the… CONTINUE READING