The longitudinal clinical effectiveness of osseointegrated dental implants: the Toronto study. Part I: Surgical results.


In this prospective study, 46 edentulous patients who had undergone traditional denture optimization therapy without success were treated with osseointegrated implants according to the surgical protocol described by Dr. P.I. Branemark. Two hundred seventy-four implants were placed in 49 dental arches--43 mandibles and six maxillae. At the time of writing, 4… (More)


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