The long-term outcome after laparoscopic nephroureterectomy: a comparison with open nephroureterectomy.


OBJECTIVES To assess the long-term outcome of the endourological management of upper tract transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) by laparoscopic nephroureterectomy (LNU) or open nephroureterectomy (ONU). PATIENTS AND METHODS The records and pathology reports were reviewed retrospectively for 67 nephroureterectomy specimens (42 obtained by ONU and 25 by LNU… (More)


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