The long-term effects of bilingualism on children of immigration: student bilingualism and future earnings

  title={The long-term effects of bilingualism on children of immigration: student bilingualism and future earnings},
  author={Orhan Ağirdağ},
  journal={International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism},
  pages={449 - 464}
  • Orhan Ağirdağ
  • Published 9 May 2014
  • Psychology
  • International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism
In this study, we examine the largely neglected long-term effects of bilingualism for students with roots in immigration. Our central research question is whether students' bilingual proficiencies have an impact on their future earnings in the USA. For this purpose, we used two different data-sets, i.e. the National Education Longitudinal Study (NELS) and the Children of Immigrants Longitudinal Study (CILS). Based on Latent Class Analysis, we distinguish between three linguistic minority groups… 

English Plus: Exploring the Socioeconomic Benefits of Bilingualism in Southern California

This paper presents the results of a study carried out in Southern California with a multiethnic and multigenerational sample of young adults in their 20s and 30s. It merges two major surveys of

Bilingualism: Visualizing the Outcomes for Latinx Students in the United States

In this dissertation, I analyzed the outcomes of bilingualism for the growing Latinx community living in the United States. Outcomes were quantitatively analyzed from four different perspectives:

Political Turmoil Influencing Bilingual Education in the 1980s

: It is not uncommon to meet young Latinx adults who were raised in Spanish-speaking households but who received all-English elementary instruction, which deprived them from further developing their

Application of Human Capital Theory to Understand Funding Inequities in Dual Language Programs

  • Jenna Doane
  • Education
    Journal of Education Human Resources
  • 2022
Language is a form of human capital. Human capital refers to skills an individual needs to succeed within the labor market. Originating from The Bilingual Education Act of 1968 (Title VII of the

Supporting Full Bilingualism Among the Children of Immigrants: Implications for Justice and Spirituality

Children born to immigrants in the United States typically speak their parents’ home language, but full bilingualism is not always the case, especially as children move into their teen years and

The ‘Bilingual Advantage’ in the Workplace: Theoretical Frameworks and Evidence from the US Labor Market

Multilingual hires are a burgeoning feature of the workplace, but there is little evidence on the returns to language skills. This study puts forth a theoretical framework that comprehensively

Connecting the Present to the Past

The authors of this chapter review empirical studies that have been conducted in bilingual education to propose a future research agenda that incorporates the most recent evidence on the

Interdependence between L1 and L2: The case of Syrian children with refugee backgrounds in Canada and the Netherlands

Abstract Children who are refugees become bilingual in circumstances that are often challenging and that can vary across national contexts. We investigated the second language (L2) syntactic skills

Language Choices at Home and Their Relationship With Educational Outcomes, With a Special Focus on Children With Origins in Former Yugoslavia and Turkey in Six European Countries

Language has been conceptualized as both a measure as well as a predictor of integration among immigrants and their children. However, the relationship between language spoken at home and different

Children’s language exposure and parental language attitudes in Russian-as-a-heritage-language acquisition by bilingual and multilingual children in Canada

Aims and Objectives/Purpose/Research Questions: The research study presented in this paper aims to describe some aspects of the maintenance of Russian as a heritage language among



The price of uniformity: language, family and personality adjustment in the immigrant second generation

We examine the process of linguistic adaptation among children of immigrants and the extent to which distinct language types exist between foreign monolingualism and a full transition to English.

Exploring bilingualism in a monolingual school system: insights from Turkish and native students from Belgian schools

A growing body of empirical studies indicates the educational benefits of bilingualism. Despite this tendency, bilingual minority students are being pressured by school authorities to shed their

Effects of minority-language literacy on the academic achievement of Vietnamese youths in New Orleans.

This article identifies the major theoretical perspectives on nativelanguage literacy-forcible assimilation, reluctant bilingualism, and linguistic pluralism-and reports on a case study of the role

Forbidden Language: English Learners and Restrictive Language Policies. Multicultural Education Series.

This timely volume features contributions from well-known educators and scholars in bilingual education and analyzes the current research on teaching English learners in order to determine the most effective instructional strategies.

The Benefits of Biculturalism: Exposure to Immigrant Culture and Dropping out of School among Asian and Latino Youths

Objective. This study examines how retaining an immigrant culture affects school dropout rates among Vietnamese, Koreans, Chinese, Filipinos, Japanese, Mexicans, Puerto Ricans, and Cubans. Methods. I

Immigrant earnings: Language skills, linguistic concentrations and the business cycle

Abstract. This study of the determinants of earnings among adult foreign-born men using the 1990 Census of Population focuses on the effects of the respondent's own English language skills, the

Earnings of Hispanic Men: The Role of English Language Proficiency

The size and rapid growth of the Hispanic population in the United States raise many questions about the effects of language on the process of economic assimilation. This paper uses data on earnings

Speaking fluency, writing fluency and earnings of migrants

This paper analyzes the determinants of language abilities of migrant workers and the impact of language proficiency on their earnings position. The analysis is based on data for West Germany. The

Language Proficiency and Labour Market Performance of Immigrants in the UK

This paper uses two recent UK surveys to investigate the determinants of language proficiency and the effect of language on earnings and employment probabilities of non-white immigrants. We address