The long arm of childhood: The prolonged influence of adverse childhood experiences on depression during middle and old age in China

  title={The long arm of childhood: The prolonged influence of adverse childhood experiences on depression during middle and old age in China},
  author={Hao Chen and Qiuyan Fan and Stephen Nicholas and Elizabeth Maitland},
  journal={Journal of Health Psychology},
  pages={2373 - 2389}
Utilizing data from the nationally representative China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study, this study analyzed the effect of intensity and duration of adverse childhood experiences on depression in middle aged and older aged adults in China. The mediating effect of cumulative health risk and personal factors were validated through the Karlson–Holm–Breen method. The results showed a significant dose-response relationship between adverse childhood experiences and adult depression. The… 

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