The location of the dense and ionized gas in the NGC 2023 PDR

Abstract

The VLA and the BIMA array were used to obtain high resolution (10–20) observations of C, traced by the C91α recombination line at 8.6 GHz, and the dense molecular gas, traced by HCN and HCO(1–0), of the photon dominated region (PDR) associated with the reflection nebula NGC 2023. Using the VLA, continuum emission is detected at 8.6 GHz from a faint Hii region associated with HD 37903. The C91α emission originates from a 0.4 pc long filament, extending from the east to the south of the exciting star HD 37903. Within the filament three C91α clumps can be distinguished, each associated with filamentary vibrationally excited H2 emission in the direction toward HD 37903. The HCO emission has a clumpy appearance superimposed on a more extended component. C91α is, in general, closer to the exciting star than HCO emission as expected from PDR models. The morphologies of HCO and HCN are quite similar. Based on the C91α linewidth towards one of the clumps a limit of 170 K on the kinetic temperature in the ionized carbon layer can be derived. This value is consistent with PDR models with H2 densities of about 10 5 cm. However, this result suggests surprisingly low limits on the turbulence in the PDR. We detected a compact 3 mm continuum source in the PDR, which appears to be a cold “core” of density 10 cm, 0.03 parsec diameter, and 6 M⊙. We conclude that it may have formed within the PDR. In an appendix, observations of the C91α recombination line toward five additional PDRs using the Effelsberg 100m telescope are described. Subject headings: ISM: individual(NGC 2023) ISM: structure — radio lines: ISM — techniques: interferometric Department of Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742-2421 Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Largo E. Fermi 5, I-50125 Firenze, Italy NRAO, Very Large Array, Very Long Baseline Array, P.O. Box 0, Socorro, NM 87801 Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, Groningen

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Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Wyrowski2000TheLO, title={The location of the dense and ionized gas in the NGC 2023 PDR}, author={Friedrich Wyrowski and Charlotte Walmsley and Wiesława Goss and A . G . G . M . Tielens}, year={2000} }