The liquid handling systems for the Borexino solar neutrino detector

  title={The liquid handling systems for the Borexino solar neutrino detector},
  author={G. Alimonti and Cristina Arpesella and Margherita Buizza Avanzini and Henning Olling Back and M Balata and Daniele Bartolomei and Alain de Bellefon and Gianpaolo Bellini and Jay B. Benziger and A. Bevilacqua and Danilo Bondi and Silvia Bonetti and A. Brigatti and Barbara Caccianiga and Laura Cadonati and Frank Calaprice and Carlo Carraro and G. Cecchet and R. Cereseto and An. Ianni and Mingqiang Chen and A. S. Chepurnov and A. Cubaiu and W. Czech and D. d'Angelo and Ferenc Dalnoki-Veress and Stefano Davini and Antonio de Bari and Erica de Haas and A. V. Derbin and Moshe Deutsch and Severino Angelo Maria Bussino and Antonio Di Ludovico and Giorgio di Pietro and Robert A. Eisenstein and Fausto Elisei and Alexander Etenko and Franz von Feilitzsch and Robert Fernholz and K. Fomenko and Richard Ford and Daniel H. T. Franco and B. Freudiger and Nico G{\"a}rtner and C. Galbiati and Fl{\'a}vio Gatti and S. Gazzana and Victor M. Gehman and Marco Giammarchi and Danilo Giugni and Marianne Goeger-Neff and T. Goldbrunner and A. Golubchikov and A. M. Goretti and Christian Grieb and Elena Guardincerri and Charlotte Hagner and Tanja Hagner and Wolfgang Hampel and Eric Harding and Sylvia Hardy and Francis X. Hartmann and R. von Hentig and T. Hertrich and G. Heusser and Mikael Hult and Andrea Ianni and L. Ioannucci and K. Jaenner and Michele E. Joyce and Herv{\'e} de Kerret and S. Kidner and J. Kiko and Toralf Kirsten and V. V. Kobychev and George Korga and Gunther Korschinek and Yu. V. Kozlov and Didier Kryn and Paul Henry La Marche and V. Lagomarsino and Matthias Laubenstein and Christian Lendvai and Michael K. K. Leung and F. von Feilitzsch and Elizabeth Litvinovich and Ben Loer and F. Loeser and Paul Lombardi and Livia Ludhova and I. N. Machulin and Sandra Malvezzi and Angelo Manco and Jos{\'e} Carvalho Maneira and Werner Maneschg and Ilaria Manno and G. Manuzio and Giulio Manuzio and Maddalena Marchelli and A. Marternianov and Filippo Masetti and Ugo Mazzucato and Kevin F McCarty and D. N. Mckinsey and Quirin Meindl and Emanuela Meroni and Lino Miramonti and Marcin Misiaszek and David Montanari and Maria Elena Monzani and V. N. Muratova and Paolo Musico and H. Neder and Austin Nelson and Ludwig Niedermeier and Stefano Nisi and Lothar J. N. Oberauer and Marguerite Anne Beatrice Obolensky and M. Orsini and Fausto Ortica and Marco Pallavicini and Laszlo Papp and Robert Parsells and S. Parmeggiano and Martini Parodi and N. Pelliccia and L. Perasso and S. Perasso and Andrea Pocar and R. S. Raghavan and G. Ranucci and Walter Rau and Gioacchino Ranucci and Elisa Resconi and Pablo Risso and Aldo Romani and D. Rountree and A. V. Sabelnikov and Paola Saggese and Richard Saldanha and C. Vinacua Salvo and Roberto Scardaoni and D. Schimizzi and S Sch{\"o}nert and K. H. Schubeck and Thomas Alan Shutt and F. Siccardi and Hardy Simgen and M. D. Skorokhvatov and Andrew Harry Sonnenschein and F. Soricelli and Andrii Sotnikov and S. V. Sukhotin and Cihan Sule and Yura Suvorov and V. G. Tarasenkov and R. Tartaglia and Gemma Testera and Daniel Vignaud and S. Vitale and Robert Bruce Vogelaar and V. N. Vyrodov and B. Williams and Michael Wojcik and R. Wordel and Lothar Oberauer and O. A. Zaimidoroga and Sandra Zavatarelli},
The successful deployment of the Borexino solar neutrino detector required assorted physical and chemical operations to produce exceptional pure fluids and fill multiple detector zones. The composition and flow rates of high purity gases and liquids had to be precisely controlled to maintain liquid levels and pressures. The system was required to meet exceptional requirements for cleanliness and leak-tightness. A large scale modular system connecting fluid receiving, purification and fluid… CONTINUE READING


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