The linde argon-oxygen process for stainless steel; A case study of major innovation in a basic industry

@article{Krivsky1973TheLA,
  title={The linde argon-oxygen process for stainless steel; A case study of major innovation in a basic industry},
  author={W. A. Krivsky},
  journal={Metallurgical Transactions},
  year={1973},
  volume={4},
  pages={1439-1447}
}
  • W. A. Krivsky
  • Published 1 June 1973
  • Education
  • Metallurgical Transactions
The Lecture traces the development of the Linde Argon-Oxygen Process from its conception in 1955 to its full scale and widespread utilization in the specialty steel industry on a worldwide basis at the present time. The basic invention was derived from f i r s t principles of physical chemistry known to all third year college chemistry students. Its long saga of development over a fifteen-year period required a great deal more; namely, a corporation with tremendous resources and, more… 
Understanding stainless steelmaking through computational thermodynamics: Part 3 – AOD converting
Abstract The major issue in stainless steelmaking is the difficulty of oxidising carbon from molten steel without also oxidising large proportions of expensive chromium. This can, however, be
Historical overview on the development of converter steelmaking from Bessemer to modern practices and future outlook
  • L. Holappa
  • Materials Science
    Mineral Processing and Extractive Metallurgy
  • 2018
ABSTRACT Converter steelmaking is the main stage in ore-based production using blast furnace hot metal and steel scrap as charge materials. Over 70% of steel is produced via basic oxygen converters
Recent achievements in iron and steel technology
The basic technologies for modern iron and steel production were developed about half a century ago. Then and thereafter, raw materials pretreatments, coke making and blast furnace process itself
Refining of Stainless Steels
Stainless steels contain from 10 to 30% chromium. Varying amounts of nickel, molybdenum, copper, sulfur, titanium, niobium, etc. may be added to obtain desired mechanical properties and service life.
Holappa, Lauri Historical overview on the development of converter steelmaking from Bessemer to modern practices and future outlook
Converter steelmaking is the main stage in ore-based production using blast furnace hot metal and steel scrap as charge materials. Over 70% of steel is produced via basic oxygen converters today. The
Basics of Ferroalloys
Landmark Events in the Welding of Stainless Steels
This lecture presents the authors personal views on the landmark events that have strongly affected the welding of stainless steels over their lifetime. Although 1913 is commonly recognized as the
Low-temperature carburizing/nitriding of austenitic stainless steels - Influence of alloy composition on microstructure and properties
Austenitic stainless steels are among the most used materials in applications where corrosion resistance is important, as the food, pharmaceutical, chemical, oil and gas industries. However, low
Pyrometallurgy near the end of the 20th century
The second part of this century has seen great developments with a variety of new technologies, such as telecommunications, computers, and space travel. However, an age-old technology, the use of
...
...