The life cycle of Ceratomyxa shasta, a myxosporean parasite of salmonids, requires a freshwater polychaete as an alternate host.

@article{Bartholomew1997TheLC,
  title={The life cycle of Ceratomyxa shasta, a myxosporean parasite of salmonids, requires a freshwater polychaete as an alternate host.},
  author={J. Bartholomew and M. Whipple and D. G. Stevens and J. Fryer},
  journal={The Journal of parasitology},
  year={1997},
  volume={83 5},
  pages={
          859-68
        }
}
The actinosporean life stage of Ceratomyxa shasta, a myxozoan parasite of salmonids, and the annelid worm that serves as its alternate host were identified in laboratory transmission experiments and their roles were confirmed using molecular techniques. Infection by the parasite occurred in susceptible fish that were either exposed to or force fed the freshwater polychaete, Manayunkia speciosa, infected with the actinosporean. These observations were confirmed using the polymerase chain… Expand
214 Citations
INVOLVEMENT OF MANAYUNKIA SPECIOSA (ANNELIDA: POLYCHAETA: SABELLIDAE) IN THE LIFE CYCLE OF PARVICAPSULA MINIBICORNIS, A MYXOZOAN PARASITE OF PACIFIC SALMON
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Experimental detection of the actinospores of Myxobolus pseudodispar (Myxosporea: Myxobolidae) in oligochaete alternate hosts.
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Chronological Development of Ceratomyxa shasta in the Polychaete Host, Manayunkia speciosa
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