The leeway of shipping containers at different immersion levels

@article{Breivik2012TheLO,
  title={The leeway of shipping containers at different immersion levels},
  author={{\O}yvind Breivik and Arthur A. Allen and Christophe Maisondieu and Jens Christian Roth and Bertrand Forest},
  journal={Ocean Dynamics},
  year={2012},
  volume={62},
  pages={741-752}
}
The leeway of 20-ft containers in typical distress conditions is established through field experiments in a Norwegian fjord and in open-ocean conditions off the coast of France with a wind speed ranging from calm to 14 m s−1. The experimental setup is described in detail, and certain recommendations were given for experiments on objects of this size. The results are compared with the leeway of a scaled-down container before the full set of measured leeway characteristics are compared with a… Expand

Paper Mentions

Evaluating the leeway coefficient for different ocean drifters using operational models
The water following characteristics of six different drifter types are investigated using two different operational marine environmental prediction systems: one produced by Environment and ClimateExpand
Exploration of the wind-induced drift characteristics of typical Chinese offshore fishing vessels
Abstract The drift motion of a maritime distress target is the collective result of the balance of forces that comes from wind, currents and waves. The drift properties vary from one type of objectExpand
Evaluating the Leeway Coefficient of Ocean Drifters Using Operational Marine Environmental Prediction Systems
The water following characteristics of six different drifter types are investigated using two different operational marine environmental prediction systems: one produced by Environment and ClimateExpand
Evaluation of the search and rescue LEEWAY model in the Tyrrhenian Sea: a new point of view
Abstract. The trajectories' prediction of floating objects above the sea surface represents an important task in search and rescue (SAR) operations. In this paper we show how it is possible toExpand
Determining the leeway drift characteristics of tropical Pacific island craft
Abstract An accurate understanding of the leeway drift characteristics of drifting objects is required to effectively forecast the drift of persons, vessels or objects lost at sea, and to generateExpand
A study on the leeway drift characteristic of a typical fishing vessel common in the Northern South China Sea
Abstract Leeway drift characteristics of drifting objects are essential to accurately forecast the drifting trajectory of lost persons, boats and other objects. Traditionally, leeway coefficients ofExpand
Numerical reconstruction of trajectory of small-size surface drifter in the Mediterranean sea
In this study, we addressed the effects of wind-induced drift on Lagrangian trajectories of surface sea objects using high-resolution ocean forecast and atmospheric data. Application of stochasticExpand
Forecast of drifter trajectories using a Rapid Environmental Assessment based on CTD observations
A high resolution submesoscale resolving ocean model was implemented in a limited area north of Island of Elba where a maritime exercise, named Serious Game 1 (SG1), took place on May 2014 in theExpand
Statistics of Lagrangian Transport Reveals Hidden Features of Velocity Fields
The potential of the systematic use of Lagrangian trajectories to identify normally hidden properties and semi-persistent patterns of the dynamics of surface currents is analysed and tested for theExpand
Modeling of small sea floaters in the central Mediterranean Sea: seasonality of at-sea distributions
Floating marine debris represent a threat to marine and coastal ecology. Since the Mediterranean basin is one of the highly impacted regions, both by the coastal pollution as well as from seaExpand
...
1
2
3
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 29 REFERENCES
Drift Modeling of Cargo Containers
Abstract Containers lost at sea are a hazard for shipping. The maritime authorities thus wish to be able to announce their positions to the navigators, or to recover them. In the event of containersExpand
Wind-induced drift of objects at sea: The leeway field method
TLDR
A standardized and unambiguous procedure for condensing the drift properties down to a set of coefficients that may be incorporated into existing stochastic trajectory forecast models for drifting objects of concern to search and rescue operations and other activities involving vessels lost at sea such as containers with hazardous material is defined. Expand
An Assessment of the Errors in Lagrangian Velocity Estimates Obtained by FGGE Drifters in the Labrador Current
Abstract Drogued floats have been widely used to develop information about the Lagrangian structure of ocean circulation. However, the degree to which the various designs actually follow waterExpand
The Effect of Wind and Surface Currents on Drifters
Abstract The problem analysed here is the motion of a drifter acted on by wind, surface and subsurface currents. From the condition of static equilibrium of all drag forces acting on the drifter, theExpand
Water-following characteristics of a mixed layer drifter
Abstract Accurate measurements of mean Lagrangian displacements of water parcels in the mixed layer are difficult to make because wave forces on objects that float on or near the ocean surface can beExpand
An operational search and rescue model for the Norwegian Sea and the North Sea
TLDR
It is found that going to higher-order stochastic trajectory models will not significantly improve the forecast skill and the rate of expansion of search areas, so the new ensemble method with high resolution forcing fields and the new leeway formulation shows that search areas expand much more slowly. Expand
Container Drift Assessment - Iroise Sea Experiment. Sar-Drift Project
The SAR-DRIFT project aims at developing a forecast system for localisation of drifting objects, as well as decision aid tools for Maritime Search and Rescue. Its basic principle is to predict theExpand
REVIEW OF LEEWAY: FIELD EXPERIMENTS AND IMPLEMENTATION.
Abstract : Fundamental shortfalls in our understanding of leeway drift behavior have hampered the search and rescue (SAR) planning community's ability to predict search object drift with highExpand
Field Determination of the Leeway of Drifting Objects The Leeway of a 20-ft Container, WWII Mine, Skiff, Sunfish, and a PIW in The Deceased Position Fedje and Andfjord, Norway, September 2009
The leeway (windage) of five typical SAR/HAZMAT objects (person in water, mine, small sailboat, small open boat and a 20-ft container) and is studied. The method is applicable to objects smaller thanExpand
Field Calibration of Mixed-Layer Drifters
Abstract A set of field experiments was conducted to determine the water-following characteristics of mixed-layer drifters with “holey-sock” drogues. Through the use of a drifting current meterExpand
...
1
2
3
...