The lasting effect of words on feelings: words may facilitate exposure effects to threatening images.

@article{Tabibnia2008TheLE,
  title={The lasting effect of words on feelings: words may facilitate exposure effects to threatening images.},
  author={Golnaz Tabibnia and Matthew D. Lieberman and Michelle G. Craske},
  journal={Emotion},
  year={2008},
  volume={8 3},
  pages={
          307-17
        }
}
Previous studies have shown that mere words, particularly affective words, can dampen emotional responses. However, the effect of affective labels on emotional responding in the long term is unknown. The authors examined whether repeated exposure to aversive images would lead to more reduction in autonomic reactivity a week later if the images were exposed with single-word labels than without labels. In Experiment 1, healthy individuals were exposed to pictures of disturbing scenes with or… 

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