# The language complexity game

@inproceedings{Ristad1993TheLC, title={The language complexity game}, author={Eric Sven Ristad}, year={1993} }

From the Publisher:
"How can language be both complex and subtle, yet simple and effortless? Eric Ristad's book tackles this deepest of questions with all the power and precision of modern computer science, coming up with the best analysis of human language complexity since Chomsky's famous demonstrations that natural languages cannot be described via simple linear patterns."
-- Robert C. Berwick, MIT
"Eric Ristad's carefully reasoned and penetrating study brings together the theories of…

## 84 Citations

Learning Natural Language : A review of formal and computational approachesNancy

- Computer Science, Linguistics
- 2007

Early theoretical work on identiication of formal languages in general is reviewed before subsequent work in which speciic linguistic assumptions render the problem more tractable is described.

Cognition and intractability: a guide to classical and parameterized complexity analysis

- Psychology
- 2019

Cognition and Intractability is the first book to provide an accessible introduction to computational complexity analysis and its application to questions of intractability in cognitive science.

Exploring the N-th Dimension of Language

- Philosophy
- 2010

This paper is aimed at exploring the hidden fundamental computational property of natural language that has been so elusive that it has made all attempts to characterize its real computational property ultimately fail and it is proposed that this exact computational property is perhaps the N-th dimension of language, if what the authors mean by dimension is nothing but universal (computational) property ofnatural language.

Computational Perspectives on Minimalism

- Linguistics
- 2011

While research in ‘principles and parameters’ tradition [18] can be regarded as attributing as much as possible to universal grammar (UG) in order to understand how language acquisition is possible,…

Logic and Complexity in Cognitive Science

- BusinessJohan van Benthem on Logic and Information Dynamics
- 2014

It is argued that the computational perspective allows feedback from empirical results to guide the development of increasingly subtle computational models, and the role played by logic in bridging the gaps between Marr’s three levels is emphasized.

Descriptive Complexity, Computational Tractability, and the Logical and Cognitive Foundations of Mathematics

- Computer Science, PhilosophyMinds Mach.
- 2021

This paper argues that the problem of second-order systems of logic being considered to be computationally intractable means that the logical foundation of mathematics can be prohibitively complex for human cognition and can be solved by considering computational complexity for humanly relevant problem solving algorithms and input sizes.

Conceptual and empirical problems with game theoretic approaches to language evolution

- PsychologyFront. Psychol.
- 2014

Game theoretic models of language evolution have failed to advance how or why language evolved, or why it has the particular representations and computations that it does, and are argued to be problematic due to conceptual confusions and empirical difficiences.

Tractability and the computational mind

- Computer ScienceThe Routledge Handbook of the Computational Mind
- 2018

This work overviews logical and computational explanations of the notion of tractability as applied in cognitive science and surveys how complexity can be used to study computational plausibility of cognitive theories.

Semantics of the Barwise sentence: insights from expressiveness, complexity and inference

- Computer Science
- 2018

This paper studies natural language constructions and proposes a hypothesis according to which conflicting pressures of communication and cognition might give rise to an ambiguous construction, provided that different semantic variants of the construction withstand different pressures involved in its usage.

Knots, Language, and Computation: A Bizarre Love Triangle? Replies to Objections

- Computer ScienceBiolinguistics
- 2012

It is contended that a formal analysis of the material remains left by the authors' ancestors may prove useful in determining the kinds and amount of cognitive resources deployed to produce such objects, in other words, that manufactured objects are transparent with respect to the biological structures underlying the processes necessary to produce them.

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