The knowledge pyramid: a critique of the DIKW hierarchy

@article{Frick2009TheKP,
  title={The knowledge pyramid: a critique of the DIKW hierarchy},
  author={Martin Frick{\'e}},
  journal={Journal of Information Science},
  year={2009},
  volume={35},
  pages={131 - 142}
}
  • Martin Frické
  • Published 2009
  • Sociology, Computer Science
  • Journal of Information Science
The paper evaluates the data—information—knowledge—wisdom (DIKW) hierarchy. This hierarchy, also known as the `knowledge hierarchy', is part of the canon of information science and management. Arguments are offered that the hierarchy is unsound and methodologically undesirable. The paper identifies a central logical error that DIKW makes. The paper also identifies the dated and unsatisfactory philosophical positions of operationalism and inductivism as the philosophical backdrop to the… Expand
The Knowledge Pyramid: the DIKW Hierarchy†
The data-information-knowledge-wisdom (DIKW) hierarchy or pyramid is a model or construct that has been used widely within information science and knowledge management. The nature of the pyramid isExpand
The Data-Information-Knowledge-Wisdom Hierarchy and its Antithesis
The now taken-for-granted notion that data lead to information, which leads to knowledge, which in turn leads to wisdom was first specified in detail by R. L. Ackoff in 1988. TheExpand
Hierarchy of Knowledge – from Data to Wisdom
INTRODUCTION The goal is to begin with data, take a few steps, and end up with wisdom. The steps between are usually called the hierarchy of knowledge, upon much has been written. Most prominently isExpand
Preface a Revised Knowledge Pyramid
    Much has been written on the knowledge pyramid, usually characterized as the data, information, knowledge , wisdom, DIKW, hierarchy and its use in knowledge management, KM. This chapter continuesExpand
    Preface a Revised Knowledge Pyramid
      Much has been written on the knowledge pyramid, usually characterized as the data, information, knowledge , wisdom, DIKW, hierarchy and its use in knowledge management, KM. This chapter continuesExpand
      Data, Information, Knowledge, Wisdom (DIKW): A Semiotic Theoretical and Empirical Exploration of the Hierarchy and its Quality Dimension
      TLDR
      A theoretical and empirical exploration of the sometimes directly quoted, and often implied Data, Information, Knowledge, Wisdom hierarchy and its quality dimension and identifies a range of definitional ambiguities from a practical perspective. Expand
      The Data/Information/Knowledge/Wisdom Hierarchy Goes to Seminary
      In Information Science studies, the Data/Information/Knowledge/Wisdom (DIKW) hierarchy is a conventional construct for making sense of the terms. However, when examined with any rigor, theExpand
      Strategic Data-Based Wisdom: Applying Aristotle's Theory of Action to the DIKW Model
      In an increasingly complex world, efficiently extracting meaning from the available amount of raw data is critical. We need a different view of technology, leadership, and culture to meet thisExpand
      A Pragmatic View of Wisdom with Rational Ethics
      This is a theoretical paper; it presents the author’s position about how to pragmatically view wisdom through the lens of decision making as a factor in human-controlled operations for computerizedExpand
      Information in the knowledge acquisition process
      TLDR
      A relatively new concept of information is provided which may help bridge observed gaps in the understanding of information in various scientific fields, as well as in its understanding as an objective or subjective phenomenon. Expand
      ...
      1
      2
      3
      4
      5
      ...

      References

      SHOWING 1-10 OF 97 REFERENCES
      The wisdom hierarchy: representations of the DIKW hierarchy
      • J. Rowley
      • Sociology, Computer Science
      • J. Inf. Sci.
      • 2007
      This paper revisits the data-information-knowledge-wisdom (DIKW) hierarchy by examining the articulation of the hierarchy in a number of widely read textbooks, and analysing their statements aboutExpand
      I - Knowing how and knowing that: a distinction reconsidered
      The purpose of this paper is to raise some questions about the idea, which was first made prominent by Gilbert Ryle, and has remained associated with him ever since, that there are at least two typesExpand
      Information Using Likeness Measures
      A suggestion is made regarding the nature of informaday notion of information that is central and is indepention: That the information in a theory be evaluated by dent of cognitive factors. ItExpand
      Personal Knowledge: Towards a Post-Critical Philosophy
      TLDR
      Polanyi is at pains to expunge what he believes to be the false notion contained in the contemporary view of science which treats it as an object and basically impersonal discipline. Expand
      Information and knowledge: an evolutionary framework for information science
      TLDR
      The approach taken demonstrates the fundamentally emergent nature of most of what higher animals and human beings, in particular, experience as information. Expand
      The Logic of Knowing How and Ability
      I am not about to discuss philosophical theology for my interest lies precisely in certain applications of 'can' in human rather than divine affairs. In recent years the distinction between theExpand
      Information Concepts for Information Science
      • N. Belkin
      • Sociology, Computer Science
      • J. Documentation
      • 1978
      TLDR
      This review surveys contributions to the question of a suitable concept of information for information science, a problem within the theoretical structure of information science which must be solved in order for substantial progress in solving its practical problems to be made. Expand
      Choice and chance : an introduction to inductive logic
      Preface. I. BASICS OF LOGIC. Introduction. The Structure of Simple Statements. The Structure of Complex Statements. Simple and Complex Properties. Validity. 2. PROBABILITY AND INDUCTIVE LOGIC.Expand
      The Structure of Scientific Revolutions
      A good book may have the power to change the way we see the world, but a great book actually becomes part of our daily consciousness, pervading our thinking to the point that we take it for granted,Expand
      ...
      1
      2
      3
      4
      5
      ...