The kinetic depth effect.

@article{Wallach1953TheKD,
  title={The kinetic depth effect.},
  author={Hans Wallach and D. N. O'connell},
  journal={Journal of experimental psychology},
  year={1953},
  volume={45 4},
  pages={
          205-17
        }
}
The problem of how three-dimensional form is perceived in spite of the fact that pertinent stimulation consists only in two-dimensional retinal images has been only partly solved. Much is known about the impressive effectiveness of binocular disparity. However, the excellent perception of threedimensional form in monocular vision has remained essentially unexplained. It has been proposed that some patterns of stimulation on the retina give rise to three-dimensional experiences, because visual… 

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