The isolation of exotic Newcastle disease (END) virus from nonpoultry avian species associated with the epidemic of END in chickens in southern California: 2002-2003.

@article{Kinde2005TheIO,
  title={The isolation of exotic Newcastle disease (END) virus from nonpoultry avian species associated with the epidemic of END in chickens in southern California: 2002-2003.},
  author={Hailu Kinde and Pamela J. Hullinger and Bruce Charlton and Michael McFarland and Sharon K. Hietala and Victor Velez and James T. Case and Letal Garber and Sherrilyn H Wainwright and Andrea B. Mikolon and Richard E. Breitmeyer and A. A. Ardans},
  journal={Avian diseases},
  year={2005},
  volume={49 2},
  pages={195-8}
}
During the first 11 months of the 2002-2003 exotic Newcastle disease (END) epidemic in chickens in southern California, a total of 27,688 cloacal and tracheal (oropharyngeal) swab pools and/or tissue pools from 86 different avian species other than chickens and turkeys were submitted for Newcastle disease virus (NDV) isolation and characterization. Fifty-seven specimens (0.23%), representing 12 species of birds and 13 unspecified species, from a total of 24,409 accessions or submissions were… CONTINUE READING

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