The involvement of nitric oxide synthase neurons in enteric neuropathies.

@article{Rivera2011TheIO,
  title={The involvement of nitric oxide synthase neurons in enteric neuropathies.},
  author={Leni Rose Rivera and Daniel P Poole and Michelle Thacker and John B. Furness},
  journal={Neurogastroenterology and motility : the official journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society},
  year={2011},
  volume={23 11},
  pages={980-8}
}
Nitric oxide (NO), produced by the neural nitric oxide synthase enzyme (nNOS) is a transmitter of inhibitory neurons supplying the muscle of the gastrointestinal tract. Transmission from these neurons is necessary for sphincter relaxation that allows the passage of gut contents, and also for relaxation of muscle during propulsive activity in the colon. There are deficiencies of transmission from NOS neurons to the lower esophageal sphincter in esophageal achalasia, to the pyloric sphincter in… CONTINUE READING