The invention and reinvention of cardiac pacing.

@article{Jeffrey1992TheIA,
  title={The invention and reinvention of cardiac pacing.},
  author={Kirk Jeffrey},
  journal={Cardiology clinics},
  year={1992},
  volume={10 4},
  pages={
          561-71
        }
}
  • K. Jeffrey
  • Published 1 November 1992
  • Medicine
  • Cardiology clinics

Cardiac pacing, 1960-1985: a quarter century of medical and industrial innovation.

TLDR
One important aspect of the broader transformation of cardiovascular medicine: the development of pacemaker technology to treat bradyarrhythmias is discussed, particularly in the sources of innovation in pacing, a field known for rapid shifts in hardware and techniques.

Cardiac pacing: from biological to electronic ... to biological?

TLDR
The history of the disease process being treated, approaches now in progress, and the demands that must be met if biological therapies are to be successful are reviewed.

A brief history of cardiac pacing.

  • G. Nelson
  • Medicine
    Texas Heart Institute journal
  • 1993
TLDR
Today's implantable pacemaker owes its existence to the invention and refinement of external pacing devices that began in the 1920s, as well as to several coincidental developments in such diverse fields as cardiovascular surgery, electrical engineering, polymer chemistry, and public policy.

The Effects Of Right Ventricular Apical Pacing On Left Ventricular Function. Stimulation Of The Right Ventricular Apex: Should It Still Be The Gold Standard?

TLDR
The aim of this review article is to discuss the effect of right ventricular apical pacing on cardiac function including cellular and hemodynamic changes and the role of alternative pacing sites in the light of cardiac function.

Basic science for the clinical electrophysiologist

TLDR
The basic mechanisms of arrhythmia are reviewed as are the mechanisms of atrial fibrillation, which are an excellent refresher for practicing cardiac electrophysiologists as well as a helpful resource for residents and fellows.

Gene therapy and biological pacing.

  • M. Rosen
  • Biology
    The New England journal of medicine
  • 2014
TLDR
A recent pig model of heart block suggests that the injection of a vector carrying TBX18 induces physiologically relevant pacemaker activity for 11 days.

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