The introduction of Citrus to Italy, with reference to the identification problems of seed remains

  title={The introduction of Citrus to Italy, with reference to the identification problems of seed remains},
  author={Cl{\'e}mence Pagnoux and Alessandra Celant and Sylvie Coubray and Girolamo Fiorentino and V{\'e}ronique Zech-Matterne},
  journal={Vegetation History and Archaeobotany},
While some consensus exists about the roles of southwestern China and northeastern India in the origin and diversification of the genus Citrus, the scarcity of its archaeological remains, as well as some methodological limits in unequivocally identifying taxa, do not facilitate reconstruction of the tempo and mode of spread of the genus towards other areas, notably the Mediterranean. Recent discoveries of archaeobotanical macro-remains (seeds and fruits) and pollen records from some important… 

The Citrus Route Revealed: From Southeast Asia into the Mediterranean

Today, citrus orchards are a major component of the Mediterranean landscape and one of the most important cultivated fruits in the region; however, citrus is not native to the Mediterranean Basin,

Exine morphometric analysis as a new tool for Citrus species identification: a case study from Oplontis (Vesuvius area, Italy)

The statistical methods used for the analysis of exine ornamentations proved to be a useful tool for interpreting the complex citrus hybridization history and for shedding light on the scenario of citrus fruits introduction in the Roman period.

Citrus fruit in historical France: Written sources, iconographic and plant remains

1 Citrus genus fruit remains have been found in the form of pollen, pericarp fragments and seeds at several sites dated from antiquity and the Middle Ages in the Mediterranean Basin, particularly in

Sesamum indicum L. (sesame) in 2nd century bc Pompeii, southwest Italy, and a review of early sesame finds in Asia and Europe

Six mineralised seeds of Sesamum indicum L. (sesame) have been found in a cesspit dating from the Samnite occupation (Republican period, 2nd century bc) of Pompeii in southwest Italy. This oil plant

Prestigious fruit trees in ancient Israel: first palynological evidence for growing Juglans regia and Citrus medica

This article describes the earliest evidence for the growing of two prestigious fruit trees: Juglans regia (Persian walnut) and Citrus medica (citron) in ancient Israel. The study also tries to

Citrus as a component of the Mediterranean Diet

Citrus are native to southeastern Asia, but are present in the Mediterranean basin for centuries. This group of species has reached great importance in some of the Mediterranean countries and, in the

Ornacitrus: Citrus plants (Citrus spp.) as ornamentals

Abstract The industrial production of citrus plants for ornamental use (ornacitrus) began in Italy at the end of the 1960s due to the need for many citrus nurseries to adapt their activities in a

Archaeobotany in Italian ancient Roman harbours

Early Arrival of New World Species Enriching the Biological Assemblage of the Santi Quattro Coronati Complex (Rome, Italy)

This paper reports the archaeobotanical and archaeozoological data from a disposal pit, whose use started after the partial closure of a staircase, and from a mortar surface within a former porch in



The possible role of Yunnan, China, in the origin of contemporary citrus species (rutaceae)

The primitive center of origin of Citrus species has been a subject of speculation and discussion for some time. Japanese Citrus taxonomist Tanaka concluded that the center of origin was northeastern

The introduction of cultivated citrus to Europe via Northern Africa and the Iberian Peninsula

The circumstances concerning the diffusion of the main cultivated citrus from their places of origin in Asia are studied here, showing that the citron (’Citrus medica L.) was the only one knew in

A classification for edible Citrus (Rutaceae)

All commercial edible citrus fruits presently referred to the genus Citrus have been derived through selection and hybridisation (usually unintentional), followed by further selection of ‘agamic complexes’.

Citrus phylogeny and genetic origin of important species as investigated by molecular markers

Phylogenetic analysis with 262 RAPDs and 14 SCARs indicated that Fortunella is phylogenetically close to Citrus while the other three related genera are distant from Citrus and from each other.

Pollen morphology of the subfamily Aurantioideae (Rutaceae)

The pollen morphology of the subfamily Aurantioideae is described and illustrated for the first time based on light and scanning electron microscopy andCongruence between pollen types and the currently accepted classification is discussed, as well as the systematic implications of pollen morphology for the sub family.

Phylogenetic relationships within Citrus and its related genera as inferred from AFLP markers

The phylogenetic relationships among Citrus and its relatives, including 29 genotypes belonging to Citrus, Poncirus, Fortunella, Microcitrus, Eremocitrus, Atalantia and Severinia, were investigated using AFLP analysis and showed it is improper to classify it into subgenus Metacitrus.

A Numerical Taxonomic Study of Affinity Relationships in Cultivated Citrus and Its Close Relatives

The affinity relationships of 43 biotypes of cultivated Citrus-close relatives, interspecific and intergeneric hybrids, and clones of unknown origin-were studied to develop information for use in citrus breeding experiments to support the proposed systematic relationships.

Fruit and seed biomineralization and its effect on preservation

Comparison between fossil and modern specimens has shown that molecular reorganisation occurred in carbonate and in biogenic silica during fossilisation, through diagenetic processes, and the resulting stable mineral structures confer an exceptional preservation to fruits in sediments.

Oranges and lemons: clues to the taxonomy of Citrus from molecular markers.

  • G. Moore
  • Biology, Medicine
    Trends in genetics : TIG
  • 2001